BALTIMORE CATECHISM

 OF 1891

The question and answer format still has great value. 
Some rules have changed and the 
Catechism of the Catholic Church of Pope St. John Paul The Great 
can be consulted for these at:

http://www.Vatican.va/archive/ccc/ 

Common sense updates include updating the list of Popes up to Pope Francis and 
adding the new Luminous Mysteries Of The Rosary.

Table of Contents

CATECHISM NO. 1

LESSON 1: ON THE END OF MAN.
LESSON 2: ON GOD AND HIS PERFECTIONS.
LESSON  3: ON THE UNITY AND TRINITY OF GOD .
LESSON 4: ON THE ANGELS AND OUR FIRST PARENTS .
LESSON  5: ON SIN AND ITS KINDS.
LESSON  6: ON THE INCARNATION AND REDEMPTION .
LESSON 7: ON OUR LORD'S PASSION, DEATH, RESURRECTION, AND ASCENSION.
LESSON  8: ON THE HOLY SPIRIT AND HIS DESCENT UPON THE APOSTLES.

CATECHISM NO. 2

LESSON  1: ON THE END OF MAN..
LESSON  2: ON GOD AND HIS PERFECTIONS.
LESSON  3: ON THE UNITY AND TRINITY OF GOD.
LESSON  4: ON CREATION. 
LESSON  5: ON OUR FIRST PARENTS AND THE FALL
LESSON  6: ON SIN AND ITS KINDS
LESSON  7: ON THE INCARNATION AND REDEMPTION
LESSON  8: ON OUR LORD'S PASSION, DEATH, RESURRECTION, AND ASCENSION.
LESSON  9: ON THE HOLY SPIRIT AND HIS DESCENT UPON THE APOSTLES.
LESSON  10: ON THE EFFECTS OF THE REDEMPTION .
LESSON  11: ON THE CHURCH.
LESSON  12: ON THE ATTRIBUTES AND MARKS OF THE CHURCH.
LESSON  13: ON THE SACRAMENTS IN GENERAL.
LESSON  14: ON BAPTISM .
LESSON  15: ON CONFIRMATION.
LESSON  16: ON THE GIFTS AND FRUITS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT.
LESSON  17: ON THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE .
LESSON  18: ON CONTRITION.
LESSON  19: ON CONFESSION.
LESSON  20: ON THE MANNER OF MAKING A GOOD CONFESSION.
LESSON  21: ON INDULGENCES .
LESSON  22: ON THE HOLY EUCHARIST
LESSON  23: ON THE ENDS FOR WHICH THE HOLY EUCHARIST WAS INSTITUTED. 
LESSON  24: ON THE SACRIFICE OF THE MASS.
LESSON  25: SACRAMENT OF THE SICK AND HOLY ORDERS
LESSON  26: MATRIMONY
LESSON   27 : Sacramental
LESSON  28: PRAYER
LESSON  29: THE COMMANDMENTS OF GOD
LESSON  30: THE FIRST COMMANDMENT
LESSON  31: THE FIRST COMMANDMENT--ON THE HONOR AND INVOCATION OF SAINTS.
LESSON 32: COMMANDMENTS  2 TO 4
LESSON 33: COMMANDMENTS  4 TO 7
LESSON 34: COMMANDMENTS 7 TO 10.
LESSON 35: ON THE 1ST AND 2ND COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH.
LESSON 36: ON THE 3RD, 4TH, 5TH AND 6TH COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH
LESSON   37 : ON THE LAST JUDGMENT AND THE RESURRECTION, HELL, PURGATORY, AND HEAVEN

CATECHISM NO.  3

PRAYERS
LESSON 1: On the End of Man.
LESSON 2: On God and His Perfections.
LESSON 3: On the Unity and Trinity of God.
LESSON 4: Creation.
LESSON 5: Our First Parents and the Fall.
LESSON 6: Sin and Its Kinds ON SIN AND ITS KINDS.
LESSON 7: The Incarnation and Redemption.
LESSON 8: Our Lord's Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension.
LESSON 9: The Holy Spirit and His Descent upon the Apostles.
LESSON 10: The Effects of the Redemption.
LESSON 11: The Church.
LESSON 12: The Attributes and Marks of the Church.
LESSON 13: The Sacraments in General.
LESSON 14: Baptism.
LESSON 15: Confirmation.
LESSON 16: On the Gifts and Fruits of the Holy Spirit
LESSON 17: On the Sacrament of Penance.
LESSON 18: On Contrition.
LESSON 19: On Confession.
LESSON 20: On the Manner of Making a Good Confession.
LESSON 21: On Indulgences.
LESSON 22: On the Holy Eucharist.
LESSON 23: On the Ends for Which the Holy Eucharist Was Instituted.
LESSON 24: On the Sacrifice of the Mass.
LESSON 25: On Sacrament of the sick and Holy Orders.
LESSON 26: On Matrimony.
LESSON 27: On the Sacramentals.
LESSON 28: On Prayer  
LESSON 29: On the Commandments of God.
LESSON 30: On the First Commandment.
LESSON 31: The First Commandment -- On the Honor and Invocation of the Saints.
LESSON 32: From the 2nd to the 4th Commandment.  
LESSON 33: From the 4th to the 7th Commandment.
LESSON 34: From the 7th to the 10th Commandment.
LESSON 35: On the First and Second Commandments of the Church. 
LESSON 36: On the Third, 4, 5, and 6 Commandments of  the Church.
LESSON 37: On the Last Judgment and the Resurrection, Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven. 
CATECHISM NO. 1
LESSON 1

THE END OF MAN

1. Q. Who made the world?            A. God made the world.

2. Q. Who is God?                            A. God is the Creator of heaven and earth, and of all things.

3. Q. What is man?                           A. Man is a creature composed of body and soul, and made to the image and likeness of God.

6. Q. Why did God make you?       A. God made me to know Him, to love Him, and to serve Him in this world, and to be happy with Him forever in heaven.

9. Q. What must we do to save our souls? A. To save our souls, we must worship God by faith, hope, and charity; that is, we must believe in Him, hope in Him, and love Him with all our heart.

10. Q. How shall we know the things which we are to believe?           A. We shall know the things which we are to believe from the Catholic Church, through which God speaks to us.

11. Q. Where shall we find the chief truths which the Church teaches?            A. We shall find the chief truths which the Church teaches in the Apostles' Creed.

12. Q. Say the Apostles' Creed.      A. I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified; died, and was buried. He descended into hell: the third day He arose again from the dead: He ascended into heaven, and sits at the Right Hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

CATECHISM NO. 1
LESSON 2
GOD AND HIS PERFECTIONS

13. Q. What is God?         A. God is a Spirit infinitely perfect.

14. Q. Had God a beginning           A. God had no beginning; He always was and He always will be.

15. Q. Where is God?                      A. God is everywhere.

16. Q. If God is everywhere, why do we not see Him?   A. We do not see God, because He is a pure spirit and cannot be seen with bodily eyes.

17. Q. Does God see us? A. God sees us and watches over us.

18. Q. Does God know all things?                               A. God knows all things, even our most secret thoughts, words, and actions.

19. Q. Can God do all things?        A. God can do all things, and nothing is hard or impossible to Him.

20. Q. Is God just, holy, and merciful?        A. God is all just, all holy, all merciful, as He is infinitely perfect.

CATECHISM NO. 1
LESSON 3

THE UNITY AND TRINITY OF GOD

21. Q. Is there but one God?           A. Yes; there is but one God.

22. Q. Why can there be but one God?  A. There can be but one God, because God, being supreme and infinite, cannot have an equal.

23. Q. How many Persons are there in God?              A. In God there are 3 Divine Persons, really distinct, and equal in all things-the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

24. Q. Is the Father God?                A. The Father is God and the first Person of the Blessed Trinity.

25. Q. Is the Son God?                     A. The Son is God and the second Person of the Blessed Trinity.

26. Q. Is the Holy Spirit God?        A. The Holy Spirits God and the third Person of the Blessed Trinity.

27. Q. What is the Blessed Trinity?             A. The Blessed Trinity is one God in 3 Divine Persons

29. Q. Are the 3 Divine Persons one and the same God?   A. The 3 Divine Persons are one and the same God, having one and the same Divine nature.

CATECHISM NO. 1
LESSON 4
THE ANGELS AND OUR FIRST PARENTS

34 Q Which are the chief creatures of God?           A   The chief creatures of God are men and angels.

35 Q What are angels?                  A   Angels are bodiless spirits created to adore and enjoy God in heaven.

39 Q Who were the first man and woman?                             A   The first man and woman were Adam and Eve.

40 Q Were Adam and Eve innocent and holy when they came from the Hand of God?    A. Adam and Eve were innocent and holy when they came from the Hand of God.  

43 Q Did Adam and Eve remain faithful to God?                  A. Adam and Eve did not remain faithful to God; but broke His command by eating the forbidden fruit.

44 Q What befell Adam and Eve on account of their sin?    A. Adam and Eve on account of their sin lost innocence and holiness, and were doomed to misery and death.

45 Q  What evil befell us through the disobedience of our first parents?    A. Through the disobedience of our first parents we all inherit their sin and punishment, as we should have shared in their happiness if they had remained faithful.

47 Q What is the sin called which we inherit from our first parents?  A. The sin which we inherit from our first parents is called original sin.

50 Q Was anyone ever preserved from original sin?    A. The Blessed Virgin Mary, through the merit of Her Divine Son, was preserved free from the guilt of original sin, and this privilege is called Her Immaculate Conception.

CATECHISM NO. 1
LESSON 5
 SIN AND ITS KINDS

51. Q. Is original sin the only kind of sin?    A. Original sin is not the only kind of sin; there is another kind of sin, which we commit ourselves, called actual sin.

52. Q. What is actual sin?    A. Actual sin is any willful thought, word, deed or omission contrary to the law of God.

53. Q. How many kinds of actual sin are there?    A. There are 2 kinds of actual sin-mortal and venial.

54. Q. What is mortal sin?                             A. Mortal sin is a grievous offense against the law of God.

57. Q. What is venial sin?                              A. Venial sin is a slight offense against the law of God in matters of less importance; or in

matters of great importance it is an offence committed with out sufficient reflection or full consent of the will.

59. Q. Which are the chief sources of sin?                A. The chief sources of sin are 7: Pride, Covetousness, Lust, Anger, Gluttony, Envy, and Sloth; and they are commonly called capital sins.

CATECHISM NO. 1
LESSON 6
THE INCARNATION AND  REDEMPTION

60. Q. Did God abandon man after he fell into sin?             A. God did not abandon man after he fell into sin, but promised him a Redeemer, who was to satisfy for man's sin and reopen to him the gates of heaven.

61. Q. Who is the Redeemer?                        A. Our Blessed Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is the Redeemer of mankind.

62. Q. What do you believe of Jesus Christ?                    A. I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, the second Person of the Blessed Trinity, true God and true man.

69. Q. What do you mean by the Incarnation?          A. By the Incarnation I mean that the Son of God was made man.

70. Q. How was the Son of God made man?        A. The Son of God was conceived and made man by the power of the Holy Spirit, in the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

74. Q. On what day was the Son of God conceived and made man?   A. The Son of God was conceived and made man on Annunciation day-the day on which the Angel Gabriel announced to the Blessed Virgin Mary that She was to be the Mother of God.

75. Q. On what day was Christ born?    A. Christ was born on Christmas day in a stable at Bethlehem, over 2,000 years ago. 

CATECHISM NO. 1
LESSON 7

OUR LORD'S PASSION, DEATH, RESURRECTION, AND ASCENSION

78. Q. What did Jesus Christ Suffer?           A. Jesus Christ suffered a bloody sweat, a cruel scourging, was crowned with thorns, and was crucified.

79. Q. On what clay did Christ die?             A. Christ died on Good Friday.

83. Q. Why did Christ suffer and die?         A. Christ suffered and died for our sins

89. Q. On what day did Christ rise from the dead?   A. Christ rose from the dead, glorious and immortal, on Easter Sunday, the third day after His Death.

91. Q. After Christ had remained 40 days on earth, where did He go?     A. After 40 days Christ ascended into heaven, and the day on which He ascended into heaven is called Ascension day.

CATECHISM NO. 1
LESSON 8
THE HOLY SPIRIT AND HIS DESCENT UPON THE APOSTLES

• De-scent', the act of coming down.

• En-a'ble, to make able.

• En-light'en, to make them understand better.

• Pen'te-cost, the 50th day after Easter.

• Preach, declare publicly, spread by word of mouth.

• Sanc'ti-fy, to make holy.

• Strength'en, make strong

94. Q. Who is the Holy Spirit?       A. The Holy Spirit is the 3rd Person of the Blessed Trinity.

97. Q. On what day did the Holy Spirit come down upon the Apostles?

A. The Holy Spirit came down upon the Apostles 10 days after the Ascension of our Lord; and the day on which He came down upon the Apostles is called Pentecost.

99. Q. Who sent the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles?    A. Our Lord Jesus Christ sent the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles.

100. Q. Why did Christ send the Holy Spirit?    A. Christ sent the Holy Spirit to sanctify His Church, to enlighten and strengthen the Apostles, and to enable them to preach the Gospel.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 1

THE END OF MAN

1. Q. Who made the world?    A. God made the world.

2. Q. Who is God?    A. God is the Creator of heaven and earth, and of all things.

3. Q. What is man?    A. Man is a creature composed of body and soul, and made to the image and likeness of God.

4. Q. Is this likeness in the body or in the soul?    A. This likeness is chiefly in the soul.

5. Q. How is the soul like to God?    A. The soul is like God because it is a spirit that will never die, and has understanding and free will.

6. Q. Why did God make you?    A. God made me to know Him, to love Him, and to serve Him in this world, and to be happy with Him forever in the next.

7. Q. Of which must we take more care, our soul or our body?    A. We must take more care of our soul than of our body.

8. Q. Why must we take more care of our soul than of our body?

A. We must take more care of our soul than of our body, because in losing our soul we lose God and everlasting happiness.

9. Q. What must we do to save our souls?    A. To save our souls we must worship God by faith, hope, and charity; that is, we must believe in Him, hope in Him, and love Him with all our heart.

10. Q. How shall we know the things which we are to believe?   A. We shall know the things which we are to believe from the Catholic Church, through which God speaks to us.

11. Q. Where shall we find the chief truths which the Church teaches?    A. We shall find the chief truths which the Church teaches in the Apostles' Creed.

12. Q. Say the Apostles' Creed.    A. I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ,  His only Son, our Lord; Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified; died, and was buried. He descended into hell: the third day He arose again from the dead: He ascended into heaven, and sits at the Right Hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 2
GOD AND HIS PERFECTIONS

13. Q. What is God?    A. God is a spirit infinitely perfect.

14. Q. Had God a beginning    A. God had no beginning; He always was and He always will be.

15. Q. Where is God?    A. God is everywhere.

16. Q. If God is everywhere, why do we not see Him?    A. We do not see God, because He is a pure spirit and cannot be seen with bodily eyes.

17. Q. Does God see us?   A. God sees us and watches over us.

18. Q. Does God know all things?    A. God knows all things, even our most secret thoughts, words, and actions.

19. Q. Can God do all things?    A. God can do all things, and nothing is hard or impossible to Him.

20. Q. Is God just, holy, and merciful?    A. God is all just, all holy, all merciful, as He is infinitely perfect.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 3
THE UNITY AND TRINITY OF GOD

21. Q. Is there but one God?    A. Yes; there is but one God.

22. Q. Why can there be but one God?    A. There can be but one God, because God, being supreme and infinite, cannot have an equal.

23. Q. How many Persons are there in God?    A. In God there are 3 Divine Persons, really distinct, and equal in all things-the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

24. Q. Is the Father God?  A. The Father is God and the first Person of the Blessed Trinity.

25. Q. Is the Son God?    A. The Son is God and the second Person of the Blessed Trinity.

26. Q. Is the Holy Spirit God?    A. The Holy spirit is God and the third Person of the Blessed Trinity.

27. Q. What do you mean by the Blessed Trinity?    A. By the Blessed Trinity I mean one God in 3 Divine Persons.

28. Q. Are the 3 Divine Persons equal in all things?   A. The 3 Divine Persons are equal in all things.

29. Q. Are the 3 Divine Persons one and the same God?    A. The 3 Divine Persons are one and the same God, having one and the same Divine nature and substance.

30. Q. Can we fully understand how the 3 Divine Persons are one and the same God?    A. We cannot fully understand how the 3 Divine Persons are one and the same God, because  this is a mystery.

31. Q. What is a mystery?    A. A mystery is a truth which we cannot fully understand. 

CATECHISM NO. 2 
LESSON 4
CREATION

32. Q. Who created heaven and earth, and all things?    A. God created heaven and earth, and all things.

33. Q. How did God create heaven and earth?    A. God created heaven and earth from nothing by His word only; that is, by a single act of His all-powerful will.

34. Q. Which are the chief creatures of God?    A. The chief creatures of God are angels and men.

35. Q. What are angels?    A. Angels are pure spirits without a body, created to adore and enjoy God in heaven.

36. Q. Were the angels created for any other purpose?    A. The angels were also created to assist before the throne of God and to minister unto Him; they have often been sent as messengers from God to man; and are also appointed our guardians.

37. Q. Were the angels, as God created them, good and happy?          A. The angels, as God created them, were good and happy.

38. Q. Did all the angels remain good and happy?                  A. All the angels did not remain good and happy; many of them sinned and were cast into hell, and these are called devils or bad angels.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 5
OUR FIRST PARENTS AND THE FALL

39. Q. Who were the first man and woman?    A. The first man and woman were Adam and Eve.

40. Q. Were Adam and Eve innocent and holy when they came from the Hand of God?  A. Adam and Eve were innocent and holy when they came from the hand of God.

41. Q. Did God give any command to Adam and Eve?   A. To try their obedience God commanded Adam and Eve not to eat of a certain fruit which grew in the garden of Paradise.

42. Q. Which were the chief blessings intended for Adam and Eve had they remained faithful to God?

A. The chief blessings intended for Adam and Eve, had they remained faithful to God, were a constant state of happiness in this life and everlasting glory in the next.

43. Q. Did Adam and Eve remain faithful to God?  A. Adam and Eve did not remain faithful to God; but broke His command by eating the forbidden fruit.

44. Q. What befell Adam and Eve on account of their sin?   A. Adam and Eve, on account of their sin, lost innocence and holiness, and were doomed to sickness and death.

45. Q. What evil befell us on account of the disobedience of our first parents?             A. On account of the disobedience of our first parents, we all share in their sin and punishment, as we should have shared in their happiness if they had remained faithful.

46. Q. What other effects followed from the sin of our first parents?                               A. Our nature was corrupted by the sin of our first parents, which darkened our understanding, weakened our will, and left in us a strong inclination to evil.

47. Q. What is the sin called which we inherit from our first parents?                             A. The sin which we inherit from our first parents is called original sin.

48. Q. Why is this sin called original?          A. This sin is called original because it comes down to us from our first parents, and we are brought into the world with its guilt on our soul.

49. Q. Does this corruption of our nature remain in us after original sin is forgiven?    A. This corruption of our nature and other punishments remain in us after original sin is forgiven.

50. Q. Was any one ever preserved from original sin?           A. The Blessed Virgin Mary, through the merits of Her Divine Son, was preserved free from the guilt of original sin, and this privilege is called Her Immaculate Conception.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 6
SIN AND ITS KINDS

51. Q. Is original sin the only kind of sin?    A. Original sin is not the only kind of sin; there is another kind of sin, which we commit ourselves, called actual sin.

52. Q. What is actual sin?    A. Actual sin is any willful thought, word, deed, or omission contrary to the law of God.

53. Q. How many kinds of actual sin are there?    A. There are 2 kinds of actual sin-mortal and venial.

54. Q. What is mortal sin?    A. Mortal sin is a grievous offense against the law of God.

55. Q. Why is this sin called mortal?    A. This sin is called mortal because it deprives us of spiritual life, which is sanctifying grace, and brings everlasting death and damnation on the soul.

56. Q. How many things are necessary to make a sin mortal?    A. To make a sin mortal 3 things are necessary: a grievous matter, sufficient reflection, and full consent of the will.

57. Q. What is venial sin?    A. Venial sin is a slight offense against the law of God in matters of less importance, or in matters of great importance it is an offense committed without sufficient reflection or full consent of the will.

58. Q. Which are the effects of venial sin?    A. The effects of venial sin are the lessening of the love of God in our heart, the making us less worthy of His help, and the weakening of the power to resist mortal sin.

59. Q. Which are the chief sources of sin?    A. The chief sources of sin are 7: Pride, Covetousness, Lust, Anger, Gluttony, Envy, and Sloth; and they are commonly called capital sins.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 7
THE INCARNATION AND REDEMPTION

60. Q. Did God abandon man after he fell into sin?    A. God did not abandon man after he fell into sin, but promised him a Redeemer, who was to satisfy for man's sin and reopen to him the gates of heaven.

61. Q. Who is the Redeemer?    A. Our Blessed Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is the Redeemer of mankind.

62. Q. What do you believe of Jesus Christ?    A. I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, the second Person of the Blessed Trinity, true God and true man.

63. Q. Why is Jesus Christ true God?    A. Jesus Christ is true God because He is the true and only Son of God the Father.

64. Q. Why is Jesus Christ true man?    A. Jesus Christ is true man because He is the Son of the Blessed Virgin Mary and has a Body and Soul like ours.

65. Q. How many natures are there in Jesus Christ?    A. In Jesus Christ there are 2 natures, the nature of God and the nature of man.

66. Q. Is Jesus Christ more than one person?    A. No, Jesus Christ is but one Divine Person.

67. Q. Was Jesus Christ always God?    A. Jesus Christ was always God, as He is the 2nd Person of the Blessed Trinity, equal to His Father from all eternity.

68. Q. Was Jesus Christ always man?    A. Jesus Christ was not always man, but became man at the time of His Incarnation.

69. Q. What do you mean by the Incarnation?    A. By the Incarnation I mean that the Son of God was made man.

70. Q. How was the Son of God made man?    A. The Son of God was conceived and made man by the power of the Holy Spirit, in the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

71. Q. Is the Blessed Virgin Mary truly the Mother of God?    A. The Blessed Virgin Mary is truly the Mother of God, because the same Divine Person Who is the Son of God is also the Son of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

72. Q. Did the Son of God become man immediately after the sin of our first parents?    A. The Son of God did not become man immediately after the sin of our first parents, but was promised to them as a Redeemer.

73. Q. How could they be saved who lived before the Son of God became man?    A. They who lived before the Son of God became man could be saved by believing in a Redeemer to come, and by keeping the commandments.

74. Q. On what day was the Son of God conceived and made man?    A. The Son of God was conceived and made man on Annunciation day-the day on which the Angel Gabriel announced to the Blessed Virgin Mary that she was to be the Mother of God.

75. Q. On what day was Christ born?    A. Christ was born on Christmas day in a stable at Bethlehem, over 2,000 years ago.

76. Q. How long did Christ live on earth?    A. Christ lived on earth about 33 years, and led a most holy life in poverty and suffering.

77. Q. Why did Christ live so long on earth?    A. Christ lived so long on earth to show us the way to heaven by His teachings and example.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 8
OUR LORD'S PASSION, DEATH, RESURRECTION, AND ASCENSION

78. Q. What did Jesus Christ suffer?    A. Jesus Christ suffered a bloody sweat, a cruel scourging, was crowned with thorns, and was crucified.

79. Q. On what day did Christ die?    A. Christ died on Good Friday.

80. Q. Why do you call that day "good" on which Christ died so sorrowful a death?    A. We call that day "good" on which Christ died because by His death He showed His great love for man, and purchased for him every blessing.

81. Q. Where did Christ die?    A. Christ died on Mount Calvary.

82. Q. How did Christ die?    A. Christ was nailed to the Cross and died on it between 2 thieves.

83. Q. Why did Christ suffer and die?    A. Christ suffered and died for our sins.

84. Q. What lessons do we learn from the sufferings and death of Christ?    A. From the sufferings and death of Christ we learn the great evil of sin, the hatred God bears to it, and the necessity of satisfying for it.

85. Q. Where did Christ's soul go after His death?    A. After Christ's death His soul descended into hell.

86. Q. Did Christ's soul descend into the hell of the damned?    A. The hell into which Christ's soul descended was not the hell of the damned, but a place or state of rest called Limbo, where the souls of the just were waiting for Him.

87. Q. Why did Christ descend into Limbo?    A. Christ descended into Limbo to preach to the souls who were in prison-that is, to announce to them the joyful tidings of their redemption.

88. Q. Where was Christ's Body while His Soul was in Limbo?    A. While Christ's Soul was in Limbo His Body was in the Holy Sepulcher.

89. Q. On what day did Christ rise from the dead?    A. Christ rose from the dead, glorious and immortal, on Easter Sunday, the third day after His Death.

90. Q. How long did Christ stay on earth after His resurrection?    A. Christ stayed on earth 40 days after His resurrection to show that He was truly risen from the dead, and to instruct His Apostles.

91. Q. After Christ had remained 40 days on earth where did He go?    A. After 40 days Christ ascended into heaven, and the day on which He ascended into heaven is called Ascension day.

92. Q. Where is Christ in heaven?    A. In heaven Christ sits at the Right Hand of God the Father Almighty.

93. Q. What do you mean by saying that Christ sits at the Right Hand Of God?    A. When I say that Christ sits at the Right Hand of God I mean that Christ as God is equal to His Father in all things, and that as man He is in the highest place in heaven next to God.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON   9

THE HOLY SPIRIT AND HIS DESCENT UPON THE APOSTLES

94. Q. Who is the Holy Spirit?    A. The Holy spirit is the third Person of the Blessed Trinity.

95. Q. From whom does the Holy Spirit proceed?    A. The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.

96. Q. Is the Holy Spirit equal to the Father and the Son?    A. The Holy spirit is equal to the Father and the Son, being the same Lord and God as They are.

97. Q. On what day did the Holy Spirit come down upon the Apostles?    A. The Holy Spirit came down upon the Apostles 10 days after the Ascension of our Lord; and the day on which He came down upon the Apostles is called Pentecost.

98. Q. How did the Holy Spirit come down upon the Apostles?    A. The Holy Spirit came down upon the Apostles in the form of tongues of fire.

99. Q. Who sent the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles?    A. Our Lord Jesus Christ sent the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles.

100. Q. Why did Christ send the Holy Spirit?    A. Christ sent the Holy Spirit to sanctify His Church, to enlighten and strengthen the Apostles, and to enable them to preach the Gospel.

101. Q. Will the Holy Spirit abide with the Church forever?    A. The Holy Spirit will abide with the Church forever, and guide it in the way of holiness and truth.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 10
 THE EFFECTS OF THE REDEMPTION

102. Q. Which are the chief effects of the Redemption?   A. The chief effects of the Redemption are 2: The satisfaction of God's ' justice by Christ's sufferings and death, and the gaining of grace for men.

103. Q. What do you mean by grace?   A. By grace I mean a supernatural gift of God bestowed on us, through the merits of Jesus Christ, for our salvation.

104. Q. How many kinds of grace are there?    A. There are 2 kinds of grace, sanctifying grace and actual grace.

105. Q. What is sanctifying grace?    A. Sanctifying grace is that grace which makes the soul holy and pleasing to God.

106. Q. What do you call those graces or gifts of God by which we believe in Him, hope in Him, and love Him?    A. Those graces or gifts of God by which we believe in Him, and hope in Him, and love Him, are called the Divine virtues of Faith, Hope, and Charity.

107. Q. What is Faith?    A. Faith is a Divine virtue by which we firmly believe the truths which God has revealed.

108. Q. What is Hope?  A.Hope is a Divine virtue by which we firmly trust that God will give us eternal life and the means to obtain it.

109. Q. What is Charity?  A. Charity is a Divine virtue by which we love God above all things for His own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God.

110. Q. What is actual grace?    A. Actual grace is that help of God which enlightens our mind and moves our will to shun evil and do good.

111. Q. Is grace necessary to salvation?    A. Grace is necessary to salvation, because without grace we can do nothing to merit heaven.

112. Q. Can we resist the grace of God?    A. We can and unfortunately often do resist the grace of God.

113. Q. What is the grace of perseverance?    A. The grace of perseverance is a particular gift of God which enables us to continue in the state of grace till death.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 11
THE CHURCH

114. Q. Which are the means instituted by our Lord to enable men at all times to share in the fruits of the Redemption?    A. The means instituted by our Lord to enable men at all times to share in the fruits of His Redemption are the Church and the Sacraments.

115. Q. What is the Church?   A. The Church is the congregation of all those who profess the faith of Christ, partake of the same Sacraments, and are governed by their lawful pastors under one visible head.   

116. Q. Who is the invisible Head of the Church?    A. Jesus Christ is the invisible Head of the Church.

117. Q. Who is the visible Head of the Church?    A. Our Holy Father the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, is the Vicar of Christ on earth and the visible Head of the Church.

118. Q. Why is the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, the visible Head of the Church?    A. The Pope, the Bishop of Rome, is the visible Head of the Church because lie is the successor of St. Peter, whom Christ made the chief of the Apostles and the visible Head of the Church.

119. Q. Who are the successors of the other Apostles?    A. The successors of the other Apostles are the bishops of the Holy Catholic Church.

120. Q. Why did Christ found the Church?    A. Christ founded the Church to teach, govern, sanctify, and save all men.

121. Q. Are all bound to belong to the Church?    A. All are bound to belong to the Church, and he who knows the Church to be the true Church and remains out of it cannot be saved.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 12

THE ATTRIBUTES AND MARKS OF THE CHURCH

122. Q. Which are the attributes of the Church?    A. The attributes of the Church are 3: authority infallibility, and indefectibility

123. Q. What do you mean by the authority of the Church?    A. By the authority of the Church I mean the right and power which the Pope and the bishops, as the successors of the Apostles, have to teach and to govern the faithful.

124. Q. What do you mean by the infallibility of the Church?    A. By the infallibility of the Church I mean that the Church cannot err when it teaches a doctrine of faith or morals.

125. Q. When does the Church teach infallibly?    A. The Church teaches infallibly when it speaks through the Pope and the bishops, united in general council, or through the Pope alone when he proclaims to all the faithful a doctrine of faith or morals.

126. Q. What o you mean by the indefectibility of the Church?    A. By the indefectibility of the Church I mean that the Church, as Christ founded it, will last till the end of time.

127. Q. In whom are these attributes found in their fullness?    A. These attributes are found in their fullness in the Pope, the visible Head of the Church, whose infallible authority to teach bishops, priests, and people in matters of faith or morals will last till the end of the world.

128. Q. Has the Church any marks by which it may be known?   A. The Church has 4 marks by which it may be known: it is One; it is Holy; it is Catholic; it is Apostolic.

129. Q. How is the Church One?    A. The Church is One because all its members agree in one faith, are all in one communion, and are all under one Head.

130. Q. How is the Church Holy?    A. The Church is Holy because its Founder, Jesus Christ, is holy; because it teaches a holy doctrine; invites all to a holy life; and because of the eminent holiness of so many thousands of its children.

131. Q. How is the Church Catholic or universal?    A. The Church is Catholic or universal because it subsists in all ages, teaches all nations, and maintains all truth.

132. Q. How is the Church Apostolic?    A. The Church is Apostolic because it was founded by Christ on His Apostles, and is governed by their lawful successors, and because it has never ceased, and never will cease, to teach their doctrine.

133. Q. In which Church are these attributes and marks found?   A. These attributes and marks are found in the Holy Roman Catholic Church alone.   

134. Q. From whom does the Church derive its undying life and infallible authority?    A. The Church derives its undying life and infallible authority from the Holy Spirit, the spirit of truth, who abides with it forever.

135. Q. By whom is the Church made and kept One, Holy, and Catholic?    A. The Church is made and kept One, Holy, and Catholic by the Holy Spirit, the spirit of love and holiness, who unites and sanctifies its members throughout the world.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 13
THE SACRAMENTS IN GENERAL

136. Q. What is a Sacrament?    A. A Sacrament is an outward sign instituted by Christ to give grace.

137. Q. How many Sacraments are there?    A. There are 7 Sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Penance, Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony.

138. Q. Whence have the Sacraments the power of giving grace?   A. The Sacraments have the power of giving grace from the merits of Jesus Christ.

139. Q. What grace do the Sacraments give?    A. Some of the Sacraments give sanctifying grace, and others increase it in our souls.

140. Q. Which are the Sacraments that give sanctifying grace?    A. The Sacraments that give sanctifying grace are Baptism and Penance; and they are called  Sacraments of the dead.

141. Q. Why are Baptism and Penance called Sacraments of the dead?    A. Baptism and Penance are called Sacraments of the dead, because they take away sin, which is the death of the soul, and give grace, which is its life.

142. Q. Which are the Sacraments that increase sanctifying grace in our soul?    A. The Sacraments that increase sanctifying grace in our soul are: Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Sacrament of the sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony; and they are called Sacraments of the living.

143. Q. Why are Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Sacrament of the sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony called Sacraments of the living?   A. Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Sacrament of the sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony are called Sacraments of the living, because those who receive them worthily are already living the life of grace.

144. Q. What sin does he commit who receives the Sacraments of the living in mortal sin?   A. He who receives the Sacraments of the living in mortal sin commits a sacrilege, which is a great sin, because it is an abuse of a sacred thing.

145. Q. Besides sanctifying grace do the Sacraments give any other grace?    A. Besides sanctifying grace the Sacraments give another grace, called sacramental.

146. Q. What is sacramental grace?    A. Sacramental grace is a special help which God gives, to attain the end for which He instituted each Sacrament.

147. Q. Do the Sacraments always give grace?   A. The Sacraments always give grace, if we receive them with the right dispositions.

148. Q. Can we receive the Sacraments more than once?   A. We can receive the Sacraments more than once, except Baptism. Confirmation, and Holy Orders.

149. Q. Why can we not receive Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders more than once?    A. We cannot receive Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders more than once, because they imprint a character in the soul.

150. Q. What is the character which these Sacraments imprint in the soul?    A. The character which these Sacraments imprint in the soul is a spiritual mark which remains forever.

151. Q. Does this character remain in the soul even after death?    A. This character remains in the soul even after death: for the honor and glory of those who are saved; for the shame and punishment of those who are lost.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 14
BAPTISM

152. Q. What is Baptism?    A. Baptism is a Sacrament which cleanses us from original sin, makes us Christians, children of  God, and heirs of heaven.

153. Q Are actual sins ever remitted by Baptism?    A. Actual sins and all the punishment due to them are remitted by Baptism, if the person baptized be guilty of any.

154. Q. Is Baptism necessary to salvation?   A. Baptism is necessary to salvation, because without it we cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven.

155. Q. Who can administer Baptism?    A. The priest is the ordinary minister of Baptism; but in case of necessity any one who has the use of reason may baptize.

156. Q. How is Baptism given?    A. Whoever baptizes should pour water on the head of the person to be baptized, and say, while pouring the water: I baptize you in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.

157. Q. How many kinds of Baptism are there?   A. There are 3 kinds of Baptism: Baptism of water, of desire, and of blood.

158. Q. What is Baptism of water?    A. Baptism of water is that which is given by pouring water on the head of the person to be baptized, and saying at the same time: I baptize you in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.

159. Q. What is Baptism of desire?    A. Baptism of desire is an ardent wish to receive Baptism, and to do all that God has ordained for our salvation.

160. Q. What is Baptism of blood?    A. Baptism of blood is the shedding of one's blood for the faith of Christ.

161. Q. Is Baptism of desire or of blood sufficient to produce the effects of Baptism of water?   A. Baptism of desire or of blood is sufficient to produce the effects of the Baptism of water, if it is impossible to receive the Baptism of water.

162. Q. What do we promise in Baptism?    A. In Baptism we promise to renounce the devil with all his works and pomps.

163. Q. Why is the name of a saint given in Baptism?    A. The name of a saint is given in Baptism in order that the person baptized may imitate his virtues and have him for a protector.

164. Q. Why are godfathers and godmothers given in Baptism?    A. Godfathers and godmothers are given in Baptism in order that they may promise, in the name of the child, what the child itself would promise if it had the use of reason.

165. Q. What is the obligation of a godfather and a godmother?    A. The obligation of a godfather and a godmother is to instruct the child in its religious duties, if the parents neglect to do so or die.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 15
CONFIRMATION

166. Q. What is Confirmation?    A. Confirmation is a Sacrament through which we receive the Holy Spirit to make us strong and perfect Christians and soldiers of Jesus Christ.

167. Q. Who administers Confirmation?    A. The bishop is the ordinary minister of Confirmation.

168. Q. How does the bishop give Confirmation?    A. The bishop extends his hands over those who are to be confirmed, prays that they may receive the Holy Spirit, and anoints the forehead of each with holy chrism in the form of a cross.

169. Q. What is holy chrism?    A. Holy chrism is a mixture of olive-oil and balm, consecrated by the bishop.

170. Q. What does the bishop say in anointing the person he confirms?    A. In anointing the person he confirms the bishop says: I sign you with the Sign of the Cross, and I confirm you with the Chrism of Salvation, in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.

171. Q. What is meant by anointing the forehead with Chrism in the form of a Cross?  A. By anointing the forehead with Chrism in the form of a Cross is meant, that the Christian who is confirmed must openly profess and practice his faith, never be ashamed of it, and rather die than deny it.

172. Q. Why does the bishop give the person he confirms a slight blow on the cheek?    A. The bishop gives the person he confirms a slight blow on the cheek, to put him in mind that he must be ready to suffer everything, even death, for the sake of Christ.

173. Q. To receive Confirmation worthily is it necessary to be in the state of grace?    A. To receive Confirmation worthily it is necessary to be in the state of grace.

174. Q. What special preparation should be made to receive Confirmation?    A. Persons of an age to learn should know the chief mysteries of faith and the duties of a Christian, and be instructed in the nature and effects of this Sacrament.

175. Q. Is it a sin to neglect Confirmation?    A. It is a sin to neglect Confirmation, especially in these evil days when faith and morals are exposed to so many and such violent temptations.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 16
GIFTS AND FRUITS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

176. Q. Which are the effects of Confirmation?    A. The effects of Confirmation are an increase of sanctifying grace, the strengthening of our faith, and the gifts of the Holy Spirit.

177. Q. Which are the gifts of the Holy Spirit?    A. The gifts of the Holy Spirit are Wisdom, Understanding, Counsel, Fortitude, Knowledge,  Piety and Fear of the Lord.

178. Q. Why do we receive the gift of Fear of the Lord?   A. We receive the gift of Fear of the Lord to fill us with a dread of sin.

179. Q. Why do we receive the gift of Piety?    A. We receive the gift of Piety to make us love God as a Father and obey Him because we love Him.

180. Q. Why do we receive the gift of KnowIedge?    A. We receive the gift of Knowledge to enable us to discover the will of God in all things.

181. Q. Why do we receive the gift of Fortitude?    A. We receive the gift of Fortitude to strengthen us to do the will of God in all things.

182. Q Why do we receive the gift of Counsel?    A. We receive the gift of Counsel to warn us of the deceits of the devil, and of the dangers to salvation.

183. Q. Why do we receive the gift of Understanding?    A. We receive the gift of Understanding to enable us to know more clearly the mysteries of faith.

184. Q. Why do we receive the gift of Wisdom?    A. We receive the gift of Wisdom to give us a relish for the things of God, and to direct our whole life and all our actions to His honor and glory.

185. Q. Which are the Beatitudes?    A. The Beatitudes are:

Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

• Blessed are the meek, for they shall possess the land.

• Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted.

• Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice, for they shall be filled.

• Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.

• Blessed are the pure of heart, for they shall see God.

• Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God.

• Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of  Heaven.

186. Q. Which are the 12 fruits of the Holy Spirit?    A. The 12 fruits of the Holy Spirit are Charity, Joy, Peace, Patience, Benignity, Goodness,  Long-suffering, Mildness, Faith, Modesty, Continency, and Chastity.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 17

THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE

187. Q. What is the Sacrament of Penance?    A. Penance is a Sacrament in which the sins committed after Baptism are forgiven.

188. Q. How does the Sacrament of Penance remit sin, and restore to the soul the friendship of God?    A. The Sacrament of Penance remits sins and restores the friendship of God to the soul by means of the absolution of the priest.

189. Q. How do you know that the priest has the power of absolving from the sins committed after Baptism?    A. I know that the priest has the power of absolving from the sins committed after Baptism, because Jesus Christ granted that power to the priests of His Church when He said: "Receive the Holy Spirit. Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; whose sins you shall retain, they are retained."

190. Q. How do the priests of the Church exercise the power of forgiving sins?   A. The priests of the Church exercise the power of forgiving sins by hearing the confession of sins, and granting pardon for them as ministers of God and in His Name.

191. Q. What must we do to receive the Sacrament of Penance worthily?  A. To receive the Sacrament of Penance worthily we must do 5 things:

We must examine our conscience.

• We must have sorrow for our sins.

• We must make a firm resolution never more to offend God.

• We must confess our sins to the priest.

• We must accept the penance which the priest gives us.

192. Q. What is the examination of conscience?    A. The examination of conscience is an earnest effort to recall to mind all the sins we have committed since our last worthy confession.

193. Q. How can we make a good examination of conscience?    A. We can make a good examination of conscience by calling to memory the commandments of God, the precepts of the Church, the 7 capital sins, and the particular duties of our state in life, to find out the sins we have committed.

194. Q. What should we do before beginning the examination of conscience?    A. Before beginning the examination of conscience we should pray to God to give us light to know our sins and grace to detest them.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 18
CONTRITION

195. Q. What is Contrition, or sorrow for sin?    A. Contrition, or sorrow for sin, is a hatred of sin and a true grief of the soul for having offended God, with a firm purpose of sinning no more.

196. Q. What kind of sorrow should we have for our sins?  A. The sorrow we should have for our sins should be interior, supernatural, universal, and  sovereign.

197. Q. What do you mean by saying that our sorrow should be interior?    A. When I say that our sorrow should be interior, I mean that it should come from the heart, and not merely from the lips.

198. Q. What do you mean by saying that our sorrow should be supernatural?    A. When I say that our sorrow should be supernatural, I mean that it should be prompted by the grace of God, and excited by motives which spring from faith, and not by merely natural motives.

199. Q. What do you mean by saying that our sorrow should be universal?    A. When I say that our sorrow should be universal, I mean that we should be sorry for all our mortal sins without exception.

200. Q. What do you mean when you say that our sorrow should be sovereign?    A. When I say that our sorrow should be sovereign, I mean that we should grieve more for having offended God than for any other evil that can befall us.

201. Q. Why should we be sorry for our sins?    A. We should be sorry for our sins, because sin is the greatest of evils and an offense against God our Creator, Preserver, and Redeemer, and because it shuts us out of heaven and condemns us to the eternal pains of hell.

202. Q. How many kinds of contrition are there?    A. There are 2 kinds of contrition: perfect contrition and imperfect contrition.

203. Q. What is perfect contrition?    A. Perfect contrition is that which fills us with sorrow and hatred for sin, because it offends God,  Who is infinitely good in Himself and worthy of all love.

204. Q. What is imperfect contrition?   A. Imperfect contrition is that by which we hate what offends God, because by it we lose heaven and deserve hell; or because sin is so hateful in itself.

205. Q. Is imperfect contrition sufficient for a worthy confession?    A. Imperfect contrition is sufficient for a worthy confession, but we should endeavor to have perfect contrition.

206. Q. What do you mean by a firm purpose of sinning no more?    A. By a firm purpose of sinning no more I mean a fixed resolve not only to avoid all mortal sin, but also its near occasions.

207. Q. What do you mean by the near occasions of sin?    A. By the near occasions of sin I mean all the persons, places, and things that may easily lead us into sin.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 19
CONFESSION

208. Q. What is Confession?    A. Confession is the telling of our sins to a duly authorized priest, for the purpose of obtaining forgiveness.

209. Q. What sins are we bound to confess?    A. We are bound to confess all our mortal sins. but it is well also to confess our venial sins.

210. Q. Which are the chief qualities of a good Confession?    A. The chief qualities of a good Confession are 3: it must be humble, sincere, and entire.

211. Q. When is our Confession humble?    A. Our Confession is humble, when we accuse our selves of our sins, with a deep sense of shame and sorrow for having offended God.

212. Q. When is our Confession sincere?    A. Our Confession is sincere, when we tell our sins honestly and truthfully, neither exaggerating nor excusing them.

213. Q. When is our Confession entire?   A. Our Confession is entire, when we tell the number and kinds of our sins and the circumstances which change their nature.

214. Q. What should we do if we cannot remember the number of our sins?    A. If we cannot remember the number of our sins, we should tell the number as nearly as possible, and say how often we may have sinned in a day, a week, or a month, and how long the habit or practice has lasted.

215. Q. Is our Confession worthy if, without our fault, we forget to confess a mortal sin?    A. If without our fault we forget to confess a mortal sin, our Confession is worthy, and the sin is forgiven; but it must be told in Confession if it again comes to our mind.

216. Q. Is it a grievous offense willfully to conceal a mortal sin in Confession?    A. It is a grievous offense willfully to conceal a mortal sin in Confession, because we thereby tell a lie to the Holy Spirit, and make our Confession worthless.

217. Q. What must he do who has willfully concealed a mortal sin in Confession?    A. He who has willfully concealed a mortal sin in Confession must not only confess it, but must also repeat all the sins he has committed since his last worthy Confession.

218. Q. Why does the priest give us a penance after Confession?    A. The priest gives us a penance after Confession, that we may satisfy God for the temporal punishment due to our sins.

219. Q. Does not the Sacrament of Penance remit all punishment due to sin?    A. The Sacrament of Penance remits the eternal punishment due to sin, but it does not always remit the temporal punishment which God requires as satisfaction for our sins.

220. Q. Why does God require a temporal punishment as a satisfaction for sin?    A. God requires a temporal punishment as a satisfaction for sin, to teach us the great evil of sin* and to prevent us from falling again.  (*Also explains Purgatory)

221. Q. Which are the chief means by which we satisfy God for the temporal punishment due to sin?    A. The chief means by which we satisfy God for the temporal punishment due to sin are: Prayer, Fasting, Almsgiving, all spiritual and corporal works of mercy, and the patient suffering of the ills of life.

222. Q. Which are the chief spiritual works of mercy?    A. The chief spiritual works of mercy are 7: To admonish the sinner, to instruct the ignorant, to counsel the doubtful, to comfort the sorrowful, to bear wrongs patiently, to forgive all injuries, and to pray for the living and the dead.

223. Q. Which are the chief corporal works of mercy?   A. The chief Corporal Works Of Mercy are 7: To feed the hungry, to give drink to the thirsty,  to clothe the naked, to ransom the captive, to harbor the harborless, to visit the sick, and to bury the dead.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON  20
THE MANNER OF MAKING A GOOD CONFESSION

224. Q. What should we do on entering the confessional?    A. On entering the confessional we should kneel, make the sign of the Cross, and say to the priest, Bless me, Father; then add, I confess to Almighty God and to you, Father, that I have sinned.

225. Q. Which are the first things we should tell. the priest in Confession?    A. The first things we should tell the priest in Confession are the time of our last Confession, and  whether we said the penance and went to Holy Communion.

226. Q. After telling the time of our last Confession and Communion what should we do?    A. After telling the time of our last Confession and Communion we should confess all the mortal sins we have since committed, and all the venial sins we may wish to mention.

227. Q. What must we do when the confessor asks us questions?    A. When the confessor asks us questions we must answer them truthfully and clearly.

228. Q. What should we do after telling our sins?    A. After telling our sins we should listen with attention to the advice which the confessor may think proper to give.

229. Q. How should we and our Confession?    A. We should end our Confession by saying, I also accuse myself of all the sins of my past life, telling, if we choose, one or several of our past sins.   

230. Q. What should we do while the priest is giving us absolution?    A. While the priest is giving us absolution we should from our heart renew the Act of Contrition.    

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON   21
 INDULGENCES

231. Q. What is an Indulgence?    A. An Indulgence is the remission in whole or in part of the temporal punishment due to sin.

232. Q. Is an Indulgence a pardon of sin, or a license to commit sin?    A. An Indulgence is not a pardon of sin, nor a license to commit sin, and one who is in a state of mortal sin cannot gain an Indulgence.

233. Q. How many kinds of Indulgences are there?    A. There are 2 kinds of Indulgences-Plenary and Partial.

234. Q. What is a Plenary Indulgence?    A. A Plenary Indulgence is the full remission of the temporal punishment due to sin.

235. Q. What is a Partial Indulgence?    A. A Partial Indulgence is the remission of a part of the temporal punishment due to sin.

236. Q. How does the Church by means of Indulgences remit the temporal punishment due to sin?    A. The Church by means of Indulgences remits the temporal punishment due to sin by applying to us the merits of Jesus Christ, and the superabundant satisfactions of the Blessed Virgin Mary and of the saints; which merits and satisfactions are its spiritual treasury.

237. Q. What must we do to gain an Indulgence?    A. To gain an Indulgence we must be in the state of grace and perform the works enjoined.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON  22
THE HOLY EUCHARIST

238. Q. What is the Holy Eucharist?    A. The Holy Eucharist is the Sacrament which contains the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity, of our Lord Jesus Christ under the appearances of bread and wine.

239. Q. When did Christ institute the Holy Eucharist?    A. Christ instituted the Holy Eucharist at the Last Supper, the night before He died.

240. Q. Who were present when our Lord instituted the Holy Eucharist?    A. When our Lord instituted the Holy Eucharist the 12 Apostles were present.

241. Q. How did our Lord institute the Holy Eucharist?    A. Our Lord instituted the Holy Eucharist by taking bread, blessing, breaking, and giving to His Apostles, saying: Take and eat. This is My Body; and then by taking the cup of wine, blessing and giving it, saying to them: Drink all of this. This is My Blood Which shall be shed for the remission of sins. Do this for a commemoration of Me.

242. Q. What happened when our Lord said, This is My Body; this is My Blood?    A. When our Lord said, This is My Body, the substance of the bread was changed into the substance of His Body; when He said, This is My Blood, the substance of the wine was changed into the substance of His Blood.  (Note for doubters:  Does Christ have the power to change bread and wine into His Body and Blood? Those who believe in God have to agree .  He knew that we would need all the help we could get to be saved.)

243. Q. Is Jesus Christ whole and entire both under the form of bread and under the form of wine?    A. Jesus Christ is whole and entire both under the form of bread and Under the form of wine.

244. Q. Did anything remain of the bread and wine after their substance had been changed into the substance of the Body and Blood of our Lord?   A. After the substance of the bread and wine had been changed into the substance of the Body and Blood of our Lord there remained only the appearances of bread and wine.

245. Q. What do you mean by the appearances of bread and wine?    A. By the appearances of bread and wine I mean the figure, the color, the taste, and whatever appears to the senses.

246. Q. What is this change of the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of our Lord called?    A. This change of the bread and wine into the body and blood of our Lord is called Transubstantiation.

247. Q. How was the substance of the bread and wine changed into the substance of the Body and Blood of Christ?    A. The substance of the bread and wine was changed into the substance of the Body and Blood of Christ by His Almighty Power.

248. Q. Does this change of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ continue to be made in the Church?   A. This change of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ continues to be made in the Church by Jesus Christ through the ministry of His priests.

249. Q. When did Christ give His priests the power to change bread and wine into His Body and Blood?   A. Christ gave His priests the power to change bread and wine into His Body and Blood when He said to the Apostles, Do this in commemoration of Me.

250. Q. How do the priests exercise this power of changing broad and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ?    A. The priests exercise this power of changing bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ through the words of consecration in the Mass, which are the words of Christ: This is My Body; this is My Blood.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON  23
THE ENDS FOR WHICH THE HOLY EUCHARIST WAS INSTITUTED

251. Q. Why did Christ institute the Holy Eucharist?    A. Christ instituted the Holy Eucharist:

1. To unite us to Himself and to nourish our soul with His Divine Life.

2. To increase sanctifying grace and all virtues in our soul.

3. To lessen our evil inclinations.

4. To be a pledge of everlasting life.

5. To fit our bodies for a glorious resurrection.

6. To continue the sacrifice of the Cross in His Church.

252. Q. How are we united to Jesus Christ in the Holy Eucharist?    A. We are united to Jesus Christ in the Holy Eucharist by means of Holy Communion.

253. Q. What is Holy Communion?    A. Holy Communion is the receiving of the Body and Blood of Christ.

254. Q. What is necessary to make a good Communion?    A. To make a good Communion it is necessary to be in the state of sanctifying grace, to have a right intention, and to obey the laws of fasting. (See Q. 257.)

255. Q. Does he who receives Communion in mortal sin receive the Body and Blood of Christ?    A. He who receives Communion in mortal sin receives the Body and Blood of Christ, but does not receive His grace, and he commits a great sacrilege.

256. Q. Is it enough to be free from mortal sin to receive Plentifully the graces of Holy Communion?   A. To receive plentifully the graces of Holy Communion it is not enough to be free from mortal sin, but we should be free from all affection to venial sin, and should make acts of faith, hope, and love.

257. Q. What is the fast necessary for Holy Communion?    A. The fast necessary for Holy Communion is to abstain from all food, beverages, and alcoholic drinks for one hour before Holy Communion. Water may be taken at any time. The sick may take food, non-alcoholic drinks, and any medicine up to Communion time. *    * This answer has been changed in 1977  to bring it up to date with the current rules.

258. Q. Is anyone ever allowed to receive Holy Communion when not fasting?    A. Anyone in danger of death is allowed to receive Holy Communion when not fasting or when it is necessary to save the Blessed Sacrament from insult or injury.

259. Q. When are we bound to receive Holy Communion?    A. We are bound to receive Holy Communion, under pain of mortal sin, during the Easter time and when in danger of death.

260. Q. Is it well to receive Holy Communion often?    A. It is well to receive Holy Communion often, as nothing is a greater aid to a holy life than often to receive the Author of all grace and the Source of all good.

261. Q. What should we do after Holy Communion?    A. After Holy Communion we should spend some time in adoring our Lord, in thanking Him for the grace we have received, and in asking Him for the blessings we need.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 24
THE SACRIFICE OF THE MASS

262. Q. When and where are the bread and wine changed into the Body and Blood of Christ?    A. The bread and wine are changed into the Body and Blood of Christ at the Consecration in the Mass.

263. Q. What is the Mass?    A. The Mass is the Unbloody sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Christ.

264. Q. What is a sacrifice?    A. A sacrifice is the offering of an object by a priest to God alone, and the consuming of it to acknowledge that He is the Creator and Lord of all things.

265. Q. Is the Mass the same Sacrifice as that of the Cross?    A. The Mass is the same Sacrifice as that of the Cross.

266. Q. How is the Mass the same Sacrifice as that of the Cross?    A. The Mass is the same Sacrifice as that of the Cross because the offering and the priest are the same-Christ our Blessed Lord; and the ends for which the Sacrifice of the Mass is offered are the same as those of the Sacrifice of the Cross.

267. Q. What were the ends for which the Sacrifice of the Cross was offered?    A. The ends for which the Sacrifice of the Cross was off red were:  1. To honor and glorify God;  2. To thank Him for all the graces bestowed on the whole world;   3. To satisfy God's justice for the sins of men;   4. To obtain all graces and blessings.

268. Q. Is there any difference between the Sacrifice of the Cross and the Sacrifice of the Mass?    A. Yes; the manner in which the Sacrifice is offered is different. On the Cross Christ really shed His Blood and was really slain; in the Mass there is no real shedding of Blood nor real Death, because Christ can die no more; but the Sacrifice of the Mass, through the separate consecration of the bread and the wine, represents His Death on the Cross.

269. Q. How should we assist at Mass?    A. We should assist at Mass with great interior recollection and piety and with every outward mark of respect and devotion.

270. Q. Which is the best manner of hearing Mass?    A. The best manner of hearing Mass is to offer it to God with the priest for the same purpose for which it is said, to meditate on Christ's Sufferings and Death, and to go to Holy Communion. 

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 25
SACRAMENT OF THE ANOINTING OF THE SICK AND HOLY ORDERS

271. Q. What is the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick?    A. Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick is the Sacrament which, through the anointing and prayer of the priest, gives health and strength to the soul, and sometimes to the body, when we are in danger of death from sickness.

272. Q. When should we receive this Sacrament of the sick?    A. We should receive Sacrament of the sick when we are in danger of death from sickness, or from a wound or accident.

273. Q. Should we wait until we are in extreme danger before we receive Sacrament of the sick?    A. We should not wait until we are in extreme danger before we receive Sacrament of the sick, but if possible we should receive it whilst we have the use of our senses.

274. Q. Which are the effects of the Sacrament of Sacrament of the sick?    A. The effects of Sacrament of the sick are:  1. To comfort us in the pains of sickness and to strengthen us against temptation;   2. To remit venial sins and to cleanse our soul from the remains of sin;   3. To restore us to health, when God sees fit.  

275. Q. What do you mean by the remains of sin?    A. By the remains of sin I mean the inclination to evil and the weakness of the will which are the result of our sins, and which remain after our sins have been forgiven.

276. Q. How should we receive the Sacrament of Sacrament of the sick?    A. We should receive the Sacrament of Sacrament of the sick in the state of grace, and with lively faith and resignation to the Will of God.

277. Q. Who is the minister of the Sacrament of Sacrament of the sick?   A. The priest is the minister of the Sacrament of Sacrament of the sick.

278. Q. What is the Sacrament of Holy Orders?    A. Holy Orders is a Sacrament by which bishops, priests, and other ministers of the Church are ordained and receive the power and grace to perform their sacred duties.

279. Q. What is necessary to receive Holy orders worthily?    A. To receive Holy Orders worthily it is necessary to be in the state of grace, to have the necessary knowledge and a divine call to this sacred office.

280. Q. How should Christians look upon the priests of the Church?    A. Christians should look upon the priests of the Church as the messengers of God and the dispensers of His Mysteries.

281. Q. Who can confer the Sacrament of Holy Orders?    A. Bishops can confer the Sacrament of Holy Orders.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON     26
MATRIMONY

282. Q. What is the Sacrament of Matrimony?    A. The Sacrament of Matrimony is the Sacrament which unites a Christian man and woman in lawful marriage.

283. Q. Can a Christian man and woman be united in lawful marriage in any other way than by the Sacrament of Matrimony?    A. A Christian man and woman cannot be united in lawful marriage in any other way than by the Sacrament of Matrimony, because Christ raised marriage to the dignity of a Sacrament.

284. Q. Can the bond of Christian marriage be dissolved by any human power?    A. The bond of Christian marriage cannot be dissolved by any human power.

285. Q. Which are the effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony?    A. The effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony are:   1. To sanctify the love of husband and wife;    2. To give them grace to bear with each other's weaknesses;   3. To enable them to bring up their children in the fear and love of God.  

286. Q. To receive the Sacrament of matrimony worthily is it necessary to be in the state of grace?   A. To receive the Sacrament of Matrimony worthily it is necessary to be in the state of grace, and it is necessary also to comply with the laws of the Church.

287. Q. Who has the right to make laws concerning the Sacrament of marriage?    A. The Church alone has the right to make laws concerning the Sacrament of marriage, though the state also has the right to make laws concerning the civil effects of the marriage contract.  

288. Q. Does the Church forbid the marriage of Catholics with persons who have a different religion or no religion at all?    A. The Church does forbid the marriage of Catholics with persons who have a different religion or no religion at all.

289. Q. Why does the Church forbid the marriage of Catholics with persons who have a different religion or no religion at all?   A. The Church forbids the marriage of Catholics with persons who have a different religion or no religion at all, because such marriages generally lead to indifference, loss of faith, and to the neglect of the religious education of the children.  

290. Q. Why do many marriages prove unhappy?    A. Many marriages prove unhappy because they are entered into hastily and without worthy motives.  

291. Q. How should Christians prepare for a holy and happy marriage?    A. Christians should prepare for a holy and happy marriage by receiving the Sacraments of Penance and Holy Eucharist; by begging God to grant them a pure intention and to direct their choice; and by seeking the advice of their parents and the blessing of their pastors.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON     27
SACRAMENTALS

292. Q. What is a sacramental?    A. A sacramental is anything set apart or blessed by the Church to excite good thoughts and to increase devotion, and through these movements of the heart to remit venial sin.

293. Q. What is the difference between the Sacraments and the Sacramentals?    A. The difference between the Sacraments and the Sacramentals is:  1. The Sacraments were instituted by Jesus Christ and the Sacramentals were instituted by the Church;  2. The Sacraments give grace of themselves when we place no obstacle in the way; the Sacramentals excite in us pious      dispositions, by means of which we may obtain grace. 

294. Q. Which is the chief sacramental used in the Church?    A. The chief sacramental used in the Church is the Sign of the Cross. 

295. Q. How do we make the Sign of the Cross?   A. We make the Sign of the Cross by putting the right hand to the forehead, then on the breast, and then to the left and right shoulders,*saying, In the Name of the Father and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.  *right shoulder first in the Byzantine rite.

296. Q. Why do we make the Sign of the Cross?   A. We make the Sign of the Cross to show that we are Christians and to profess our belief in the chief mysteries of our religion.  

297. Q. How is the sign of the Cross a profession of faith in the chief mysteries of our religion?    A. The sign of the Cross is a profession of faith in the chief Mysteries of our religion because it expresses the Mysteries of the Unity and Trinity of God and of the Incarnation and Death of our Lord. 

298. Q. How does the Sign of the Cross express the Mystery of the Unity and Trinity of God?    A. The words, In the Name, express the Unity of God; the words that follow, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, express the Mystery of the Trinity.

299. Q. How does the Sign of the Cross express the Mystery of the Incarnation and Death of our Lord?    A. The sign of the Cross expresses the Mystery of the Incarnation by reminding us that the Son of God, having become Man, suffered Death on the Cross.

300. Q. What other sacramental is in very frequent use?    A. Another sacramental in very frequent use is Holy Water.

301. Q. What is Holy Water?    A. Holy Water is water blessed by the priest with solemn prayer to beg God's blessing on those who use it, and protection from the powers of darkness.   

302. Q. Are there other Sacramentals besides the Sign of the Cross and Holy Water?   A. Besides the sign of the Cross and Holy Water there are many other Sacramentals, such as blessed candles, ashes, palms, crucifixes, images of the Blessed Virgin and of the saints, rosaries, and scapulars.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON    28
PRAYER

303. Q. Is there any other means of obtaining God's grace than the Sacraments?    A. There is another means of obtaining God's grace, and it is prayer.

304. Q. What is prayer?    A. Prayer is the lifting up of our minds and hearts to God to adore Him, to thank Him for His benefits, to ask His forgiveness, and to beg of Him all the graces we need whether for soul or body.

305. Q. Is prayer necessary to salvation?    A. Prayer is necessary to salvation, and without it no one having the use of reason can be saved.

306. Q. At what particular times should we pray?    A. We should pray particularly on Sundays and holydays, every morning and night, in all dangers, temptations, and afflictions.

307 Q. How should we pray?    A. We should pray: 1. With attention;  2. With a sense of our own helplessness and dependence upon God; 3. With a great desire for the graces we beg of God;  4. With trust in God's goodness; 5. With perseverance.

308. Q. Which are the prayers most recommended to us?    A. The prayers most recommended to us are the Lord's Prayer, the Hail Mary, the Apostles' Creed, the Confiteor, and the Acts of Faith, Hope, Love, and Contrition.

309. Q. Are prayers said with distractions of any avail?  A. Prayers said with willful distractions are of no avail.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 29
THE COMMANDMENTS OF GOD

310. Q. is it enough to belong to God's Church in order to be saved?    A. It is not enough to belong to the Church in order to be saved, but we must also keep the Commandments of God and of the Church.

311. Q. Which are the Commandments that contain the whole law of God?    A. The Commandments which contain the whole law of God are these 2:

1. You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, with your whole soul, with your whole strength, and with your whole mind;

2. You shall love your neighbor as yourself.

312. Q. Why do these 2 Commandments of the love of God and of our neighbor contain the whole law of God?   A. These 2 Commandments of the love of God and of our neighbor contain the whole law of God because all the other Commandments are given either to help us to keep these 2, or to direct us how to shun what is opposed to them.

313. Q. Which are the Commandments of God?    A. The Commandments of God are these 10.

1. I am the Lord your God, Who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall not have     strange gods before Me. You shall not make to yourself a graven thing, nor the likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, nor of those things that are in the waters under the earth. You shall not adore them, nor serve them.

2. You shall not take the Name of the Lord your God in vain.

3. Remember you keep holy the Sabbath day.

4. Honor your father and your mother.

5. You shall not kill.

6. You shall not commit adultery.

7. You shall not steal.

8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

9. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.

10. You shall not covet your neighbor's goods.

314. Q. Who gave the 10 Commandments?    A. God Himself gave the 10 Commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai. and Christ our Lord confirmed them.


CATECHISM NO. 2

LESSON 30

THE FIRST COMMANDMENT

315. Q. What is the first Commandment?    A. The first Commandment is: I am the Lord your God: you shall not have strange gods before Me.

316. Q. How does the first Commandment help us to keep the great Commandment of the love of God?    A. The first Commandment helps us to keep the great Commandment of the love of God because it commands us to adore God alone.

317. Q. How do we adore God?    A. We adore God by faith, hope, and charity, by prayer and sacrifice.

318. Q. How may the first Commandment be broken?    A. The first Commandment may be broken by giving to a creature the honor which belongs to God alone; by false worship; and by attributing to a creature a perfection which belongs to God alone.

319. Q. Do those who make use of spells and charms, or who believe in dreams, in mediums, spiritists, fortune-tellers, and the like, sin against the first Commandment?    A. Those who make use of spells and charms, or who believe in dreams, in mediums, spiritists, fortunetellers and the like, sin against the first Commandment, because they attribute to creatures perfections which belong to God alone.

320. Q. Are sins against faith, hope and charity also sins against the first Commandment?    A. Sins against faith, hope, and charity are also sins against the first Commandment.    

321. Q. How does a person sin against faith?    A. A person sins against faith: 1. by not trying to know what God has taught; 2. by refusing to believe all that God has taught;      3. by neglecting to profess his belief in what God has taught.

322. Q. How do we fail to try to know what God has taught?    A. We fail to try to know what God has taught by neglecting to learn the Christian doctrine.

323. Q. Who are they who do not believe all that God has taught?    A. They who do not believe all that God has taught are the heretics and infidels.

324. Q. Who are they who neglect to profess their belief in what-God has taught?    A. They who neglect to profess their belief in what God has taught are all those who fail to acknowledge the true Church in which they really believe.

325. Q. Can they who fail to profess their faith in the true Church in which they believe expect to be saved while in that state?

A. They who fail to profess their faith in the true Church in which they believe cannot expect to be saved while in that state, for Christ has said: " Whoever shall deny Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father Who is in heaven."

326. Q. Are we obliged to make open profession of our faith?    A. We are obliged to make open profession of our faith as often as God's honor, our neighbor's spiritual good, or our own requires it. "Whosoever," says Christ, "shall confess Me before men, I will also confess him before My Father Who is in heaven."

327. Q. Which are the sins against hope?    A. The sins against hope are presumption and despair.

328. Q. What is presumption?    A. Presumption is a rash expectation of salvation without making proper use of the necessary means to obtain it.

329. Q. What is despair?    A. Despair is the loss of hope in God's Mercy.

330. Q. How do we sin against the love of God?    A. We sin against the love of God by all sin, but particularly by mortal sin.



CATECHISM NO. 2

LESSON 31

THE FIRST COMMANDMENT--ON THE HONOR AND INVOCATION OF SAINTS

331. Q. Does the first Commandment forbid the honoring of the saints?    A. The first Commandment does not forbid the honoring of the saints, but rather approves of it; because by honoring the saints, who are the chosen friends of God, we honor God Himself.

332. Q. Does the first Commandment forbid us to pray to the saints?    A. The first Commandment does not forbid us to pray to the saints.

333. Q. What do we mean by praying to the saints?    A. By praying to the saints we mean the asking of their help and prayers.

334. Q. How do we know that the saints hear us?    A. We know that the saints hear us, because they are with God, Who makes our prayers known to them.

335. Q. Why do we believe that the saints will help us?    A. We believe that the saints will help us because both they and we are members of the same Church. and they love us as their brethren.

336. Q. How are the saints and we members of the same Church?    A. The saints and we are members of the same Church, because the Church in heaven and the Church on earth are one and the same Church, and all its members are in communion with one another.

337. Q. What is the communion of the members of the Church called?    A. The communion of the members of the Church is called the communion of saints.

338. Q. What does the communion of saints mean?    A. The communion of saints means the union which exists between the members of the Church on earth with one another, and with the blessed in heaven and with the suffering souls in purgatory.

339. Q. What benefits are derived from the communion of saints?    A. The following benefits are derived from the communion of saints:--the faithful on earth assist one another by their prayers and good works, and they are aided by the intercession of the saints in heaven, while both the saints in heaven and the faithful on earth help the souls in purgatory.

340. Q. Does the first Commandment forbid us. to honor relics?    A. The first Commandment does not forbid us to honor relics, because relics are the bodies of the saints, or objects directly connected with them or with our Lord.

341. Q. Does the first Commandment forbid the making of images?    A. The first Commandment does forbid the making of images if they are made to be adored as gods, but it does not forbid the making of them to put us in mind of Jesus Christ, His Blessed Mother, and the saints.

342. Q. Is it right to show respect to the pictures and images of Christ and His saints?   A. It is right to show respect to the pictures and images of Christ and His saints, because they are the representations and memorials of them.

343. Q. Is it allowed to pray to the crucifix or to the images and relics of the saints?    A. It is not allowed to pray to the crucifix or images and relics of the saints, for they have no life, nor power to help us, nor sense to hear us.

344. Q. Why do we pray before the crucifix and the images and relics of the saints?    A. We pray before the crucifix and images and relics of the saints because they enliven our devotion by exciting pious affections and desires, and by reminding us of Christ and of the saints, that we may imitate their virtues.

CATECHISM NO. 2
 LESSON  32

COMMANDMENTS  2  TO  4

345. Q. What is the 2nd Commandment?     A. The 2nd Commandment is: You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.

346. Q. What are we commanded by the 2nd Commandment?    A. We are commanded by the second Commandment to speak with reverence of God and of the saints, and of all holy things, and to keep our lawful oaths and vows.

347. Q. What is an oath?    A. An oath is the calling upon God to witness the truth of what we say.

348. Q. When may we take an oath?    A. We may take an oath when it is ordered by lawful authority or required for God's honor or for our own or our neighbor's good.

349. Q. What is necessary to make an oath lawful?    A. To make an oath lawful it is necessary that what we swear to, be true, and that there be a sufficient cause for taking an oath.

350. Q. What is a vow?    A. A vow is a deliberate promise made to God to do something that is pleasing to Him.

351. Q. Is it a sin not to fulfill our vows?    A. Not to fulfill our vows is a sin, mortal or venial, according to the nature of the vow and the intention we had in making it.

352. Q. What is forbidden by the second Commandment?    A. The 2nd Commandment forbids all false, rash, unjust, and unnecessary oaths, blasphemy, cursing, and profane words.

353. Q. What is the third Commandment?    A. The third Commandment is: Remember you keep holy the Sabbath day.

354. Q. What are we commanded by the third Commandment?    A. By the third Commandment we are commanded to keep holy the Lord's day and the Holy Days of Obligation, on which we are to give our time to the service and worship of God.

355. Q. How are we to worship God on Sundays and holydays of obligation?    A. We are to worship God on Sundays and Holy Days of Obligation by hearing Mass, by prayer, and by other good works.

356. Q. Are the Sabbath day and the Sunday the same?   A. The Sabbath day and the Sunday are not the same. The Sabbath is the 7 day of the week, and is the day which was kept holy in the Old Law; the Sunday is the first day of the week, and is tile day which is kept holy in the New Law.

357. Q. Why does the Church command us to keep the Sunday holy instead of the Sabbath?    A. The Church commands us to keep the Sunday holy instead of the Sabbath because on Sunday Christ rose from the dead, and on Sunday He sent the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles.

358. Q. What is forbidden by the third Commandment?    A. The third Commandment forbids all unnecessary servile work and whatever else may hinder the due observance of the Lord's day.

359. Q. What are servile works?    A. Servile works are those which require labor rather of body than of mind.

360. Q. Are servile works on Sunday ever lawful?    A. Servile works are lawful on Sunday when the honor of God, the good of our neighbor, or necessity requires them.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 33

COMMANDMENTS 4 TO 7

361. Q. What is the 4th Commandment?      A. The 4th Commandment is: Honor your father and your mother.

362. Q. What are we commanded by the 4th Commandment?    A. We are commanded by the 4th Commandment to honor, love, and obey our parents in all that is not sin.

363. Q. Are we bound to honor and obey others than our parents?    A. We are also bound to honor and obey our bishops, pastors, magistrates, teachers, and other lawful superiors.

364. Q. Have parents and superiors any duties towards those who are under their charge?    A. It is the duty of parents and superiors to take good care of all under their charge and give them proper direction and example.

365. Q. What is forbidden by the 4th Commandment?    A. The 4th Commandment forbids all disobedience, contempt, and stubbornness towards our parents or lawful superiors.

366. Q. What is the 5th Commandment?    A. The 5th Commandment is: You shall not kill.

367. Q. What are we commanded by the 5th Commandment?    A. We are commanded by the 5th Commandment to live in peace and union with our neighbor, to respect his rights, to seek his spiritual and bodily welfare, and to take proper care of our own life and health.

368. Q. What is forbidden by the 5th Commandment?    A. The 5th Commandment forbids all willful murder, fighting, anger, hatred, revenge, and bad example.

369. Q. What is the 6th Commandment?    A. The 6th Commandment is: You shall not commit adultery.

370. Q. What are we commanded by the 6th Commandment?      A. We are commanded by the 6th Commandment to be pure in thought and modest in all our looks, words, and actions.

371. Q. What is forbidden by the 6th Commandment?    A. The 6th commandment forbids all unchaste freedom with another’s wife or husband; also all immodesty with ourselves or others in looks, dress, words, or actions.

372. Q. Does the 6th Commandment forbid the reading of bad and immodest books and newspapers?   A. The 6th Commandment does forbid the reading of bad and immodest books and newspapers.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 34

COMMANDMENTS 7 TO 10

373. Q. What is the 7th Commandment?    A. The 7th Commandment is: You shall not steal.

374. Q. What are we commanded by the 7th Commandment?    A. By the 7th Commandment we are commanded to give to all men what belongs to them and to respect their property.

375. Q. What is forbidden by the 7th Commandment?    A. The 7th Commandment forbids all unjust taking or keeping what belongs to another.

376. Q. Are we bound to restore ill-gotten goods?    A. We are bound to restore ill-gotten goods, or the value of them, as far as we are able; otherwise we can not be forgiven.

377. Q. Are we obliged to repair the damage we have unjustly caused?    A. We are bound to repair the damage we have unjustly caused.

378. Q. What is the 8th Commandment?    A. The 8th Commandment is: You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

379. Q. What are we commanded by the 8th Commandment?  A. We are commanded by the 8th Commandment to speak the truth in all things and to be careful of the honor and reputation of everyone.

380. Q. What is forbidden by the 8th Commandment?    A. The 8th Commandment forbids all rash judgments, backbiting, slanders, and lies.

381. Q. What must they do who have lied about their neighbor and seriously injured his character?    A. They who have lied about their neighbor and seriously injured his character must repair the injury done as far as they are able, otherwise they will not be forgiven.

382. Q. What is the 9th Commandment?    A. The 9th Commandment is: You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.

383. Q. What are we commanded by the 9th Commandment?    A. We are commanded by the 9th Commandment to keep ourselves pure in thought and desire.   

384. Q. What is forbidden by the 9th Commandment?    A. The 9th Commandment forbids unchaste thoughts, desires of another’s wife or husband, and all other unlawful impure thoughts and desires.

385. Q. Are impure thoughts and desires always sins?    A. Impure thoughts and desires are always sins, unless they displease us and we try to banish them.

386. Q. What is the 10th Commandment?    A. The 10th Commandment is: You shall not covet your neighbor's goods.

387. Q. What are we commanded by the 10th Commandment?    A. By the 10th Commandment we are commanded to be content with what we have. and to rejoice in our neighbor's welfare.

389. Q. What is forbidden by the 10th Commandment?  A. The 10th Commandment forbids all desires to take or keep wrongfully what belongs to another.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 35

COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH NO. 1 AND 2

389. Q. Which are the chief commandments of the Church?    A. The chief commandments of the Church are 6: 

1. To hear Mass on Sundays and holydays of obligation.

2. To fast and abstain on the days appointed.

3. To confess at least once a year.

4. To receive the Holy Eucharist during the Easter time.

5. To contribute to the support of our pastors.

6. Not to marry persons who are not Catholics, or who are related to us within the third degree of kindred, nor privately without witnesses, nor to solemnize marriage at forbidden times.

390. Q. Is it a mortal sin not to hear Mass on a Sunday or a Holy Day of Obligation?   A. It is a mortal sin not to hear Mass on a Sunday or a Holy Day of Obligation, unless we are excused for a serious reason. They also commit a mortal sin who, having others under their charge, hinder them from hearing Mass, without a sufficient reason.

391. Q. Why were Holy Days instituted by the Church?    A. Holy Days were instituted by the Church to recall to our minds the great mysteries of religion and the virtues and rewards of the saints.

392. Q. How should we keep the Holy Days of Obligation?    A. We should keep the Holy Days of Obligation as we should keep Sunday.

393. Q. What do you mean by fast-days?    A. By fast-days I mean days on which we are allowed but one full meal.

394. Q. What do you mean by days of abstinence?    A. By days of abstinence I mean days on which we are forbidden to eat flesh-meat, but are allowed the usual number of meals.

395. Q. Why does the Church command us to fast and abstain?    A. The Church commands us to fast and abstain, in order that we may mortify our passions and satisfy for our sins.

396. Q. Why does the Church command us to abstain from flesh-meat on Fridays?    A. The Church commands us to abstain from flesh-meat on Fridays, in honor of the day on which our Savior died.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 36

COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH NO. 3, 4, 5 AND 6

397. Q. What is meant by the command of confessing at least once a year?    A. By the command of confessing at least once a year is meant that we are obliged, under pain of mortal sin, to go to confession within the year.

398. Q. Should we confess only once a year?    A. We should confess frequently, if we wish to lead a good life.

399. Q. Should children go to Confession?   A. Children should go to Confession when they are old enough to commit sin, which is commonly about the age of 7 years.

400. Q. What sin does he commit who neglects to receive Communion during the Easter time?    A. He who neglects to receive Communion during the Easter time commits a mortal sin.

401. Q. What is the Easter time?    A. The Easter time is, in this country, the time between the first Sunday of Lent and Trinity Sunday.

402. Q. Are we obliged to contribute to the support of our pastors?    A. We are obliged to contribute to the support of our pastors, and to bear our share in the expenses of the church and school.

403. Q. What is the meaning of the commandment not to marry within the third degree of kindred?   A. The meaning of the commandment not to marry within the third degree of kindred is that no one is allowed to marry another within the third degree of blood relationship.

404. Q. What is the meaning of the command not to marry privately?   A. The command not to marry privately means that none should marry without the blessing of  God's priests or without witnesses.

405. Q. What is the meaning of the precept not to solemnize marriage at forbidden times?    A. The meaning of the precept not to solemnize marriage at forbidden times is that during Lent and Advent the marriage ceremony should not be performed with pomp or a nuptial Mass.

406. Q. What is the nuptial Mass?    A. A nuptial Mass is a Mass appointed by the Church to invoke a special blessing upon the married couple.

407. Q. Should Catholics be married at a nuptial Mass?    A. Catholics should be married at a nuptial Mass, because they thereby show greater reverence for the holy Sacrament and bring richer blessings upon their wedded life.

CATECHISM NO. 2
LESSON 37
THE LAST JUDGMENT AND THE RESURRECTION, HEAVEN, 
PURGATORY, AND HELL         

408. Q. When will Christ judge us?    A. Christ will judge us immediately after our death, and on the Last Day.

409. Q. What is the judgment called which we have to undergo immediately after death?    A. The judgment we have to undergo immediately after death is called the Particular Judgment.

410 Q. What is the judgment called which all men have to undergo on the Last Day?   A. The judgment which all men have to undergo on the Last Day is called the General Judgment.

411. Q. Why does Christ judge men immediately after death?    A. Christ judges men immediately after death to reward or punish them according to their deeds.

412. Q. What are the rewards or punishments appointed for men's souls after the  Particular Judgment?    A. The rewards or punishments appointed for men's souls after the Particular Judgment are Heaven, Purgatory, and Hell.

413. Q. What is Hell?    A. Hell is a state to which the wicked are condemned, and in which they are deprived of the Sight of God for all eternity, and are in dreadful torments.

414. Q. What is Purgatory?    A. Purgatory is a state in which those suffer for a time who die guilty of venial sins, or without having satisfied for the punishment due to their sins.

415. Q. Can the faithful on earth help the souls in Purgatory?    A. The faithful on earth can help the souls in Purgatory by their prayers, fasts, alms-deeds; by  indulgences, and by having Masses said for them.

416. Q. If every one is judged immediately after death, what need is there of a General Judgment?   A. There is need of a General Judgment, though every one is judged immediately after death, that the providence of God, which, on earth, often permits the good to suffer and the wicked to prosper, may in the end appear just before all men.

417. Q. Will our bodies share in the reward or punishment of our souls?    A. Our bodies will share in the reward or punishment of our souls, because through the resurrection they will again be united to them.

418. Q. In what state will the bodies of the just rise?    A. The bodies of the just will rise glorious and immortal.

419. Q. Will the bodies of the damned also rise?    A. The bodies of the damned will also rise, but they will be condemned to eternal punishment.

420. Q. What is Heaven?    A. Heaven is the state of everlasting life in which we see God face to face, are made like unto Him in glory. and enjoy eternal happiness.

421. Q. What words should we bear always in mind?   A. We should bear always in mind these words of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ: "What does it profit a man if he gain the whole world and suffer the loss of his own soul, or what exchange shall a man give for his soul? For the Son of man shall come in the glory of His Father with His angels; and then will He render to every man according to his works."

CATECHISM   NO. 3
Prayers 
LESSONS OF THE CATECHISM

 LESSON 1  The end of Man

 LESSON 2 God and His Perfections

 LESSON 3 The Unity and Trinity of God

 LESSON 4  Creation

 LESSON 5 Our First Parents and the Fall

 LESSON 6  Sin and Its Kinds

 LESSON 7  The Incarnation and Redemption

 LESSON 8 Our Lord's Passion, Death, Resurrection and Ascension

 LESSON 9 The Holy Spirit and His Descent Upon the Apostles

 .LESSON 10 The Effects of the Redemption

 LESSON 11 The Church

 LESSON 12 The Attributes and Marks of the Church

 LESSON 13 The Sacraments in General

 LESSON 14  Baptism

 LESSON 15  Confirmation

 LESSON 16  The Gifts and Fruits of the Holy Spirit

 LESSON 17  The Sacrament of Penance

 LESSON 18 Contrition

 LESSON 19 On Confession

 LESSON 20 On the Manner of Making a Good Confession

 LESSON 21 On Indulgences

 LESSON 22 On the Holy Eucharist

 LESSON 23 On the Ends for which the Holy Eucharist was Instituted

 LESSON 24 On the Sacrifice of the Mass

 LESSON 25 On Sacrament of the sick and Holy Orders

 LESSON 26 On Matrimony

 LESSON 27 On the Sacramentals

 LESSON 28 On Prayer

 LESSON 29 On the Commandments of God

 LESSON 30 On the First Commandment

 LESSON 31 The First Commandment -- On the Honor and Invocation of the Saints

 LESSON 32 Commandments 2 to 4 

 LESSON 33 Commandments 4 to the 7

 LESSON 34 Commandments 7 to 10

 LESSON 35 On the First and Second Commandments of the Church

 LESSON 36 On the Third, 4, 5 and 6 Commandments of the Church

 LESSON 37 On the Last Judgment and Resurrection, Hell, Purgatory and Heaven

PRAYERS:

The Lord's Prayer.

Our Father, Who art in heaven, hallowed be Your Name. Your Kingdom come; Your Will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our Daily Bread;* and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.   * THE EUCHARIST

The Angelical Salutation.

Hail Mary, Full of Grace! the Lord is with You: blessed are You among women, and blessed is the fruit of Your womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

The Apostles' Creed.

I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified; died, and was buried. He descended into hell; the third day He arose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, sits at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

The Confiteor.

I confess to Almighty God, to blessed Mary, ever Virgin, to blessed Michael the Archangel, to blessed John the Baptist, to the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, and to all the Saints, that I have sinned exceedingly in thought, word and deed, through, my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault. Therefore, I beseech blessed Mary, ever Virgin, blessed Michael the Archangel, blessed John the Baptist, the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, and all the Saints, to pray to the Lord our God for me. 

May the Almighty God have mercy on me, and forgive me my sins, and bring me to everlasting life. Amen.

May the Almighty and merciful Lord grant me pardon, absolution, and remission of all my sins. Amen.

An Act of Faith.

O my God! I firmly believe that You are one God in 3 Divine persons, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; I believe that Your Divine Son became man, and died for our sins, and that he will come to, judge the living and the dead. I believe these and all the truths which the Holy Catholic Church teaches, because You hast revealed them, who canst neither deceive nor be deceived

An Act of Hope.

O my God! relying on Your infinite goodness and promises, I hope to obtain pardon of my sins, the help of Your grace, and life everlasting, through the merits of Jesus Christ, my Lord and Redeemer.

An Act of Love.

O my God! I love You above all things, with my whole heart and soul, because You are all-good and worthy of all love. I love my neighbor as myself for the love of You. I forgive all who have injured me, and ask pardon of all whom I have injured. 

An Act of Contrition.

O my God! I am heartily sorry for having offended You, and I detest all my sins, because I dread the loss of heaven and the pains of hell; but most of all because they offend You, my God, Who are all-good and deserving of all my love. I firmly resolve, with the help of Your grace, to confess my sins, to do penance, and to amend my life.

THE BLESSING BEFORE MEALS.

† Bless us, O Lord! and these Your gifts, which we are about to receive from Your bounty, through Christ our Lord. Amen.

Grace after Meals.

† We give You thanks for all Your benefits, O Almighty God, who lives and reigns forever;  and may the souls of the faithful departed, through the Mercy of God, rest in peace. Amen.

The Manner in which a Lay Person is to Baptize in Case of Necessity:

Pour common water on the head or face of the person to be baptized say while pouring it:  "I baptize you in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit."

N.B. Any person of either sex who has reached the use of reason can baptize in case of necessity.

CATECHISM NO. 3

LESSON 1


The End of Man.

Q. 126. What do we mean by the "end of man"?    A. By the "end of man" we mean the purpose for which he was created: namely, to know, love, and serve God.

Q. 127. How do you know that man was created for God alone?    A. I know that man was created for God alone because everything in the world was created for something more perfect than itself: but there is nothing in the world more perfect than man;   therefore, he was created for something outside this world, and since he was not created for the Angels, he must have been created for God.

Q. 128. In what respect are all men equal?    A. All men are equal in whatever is necessary for their nature and end. They are all composed of a body and soul; they are all created to the image and likeness of God; they are all gifted with understanding and free will; and they have all been created for the same end -- God.

Q. 129. Do not men differ in many things?    A. Men differ in many things, such as learning, wealth, power, etc.; but these things belong to the world and not man's nature. He came into this world without them and he will leave it without them. Only the consequences of good or evil done in this world will accompany men to the next.

Q. 130. Who made the world?    A. God made the world.

Q. 131. What does "world" mean in this question?    A. In this question "world" means the universe; that is, the whole creation; all that we now see or may hereafter see.

Q. 132. Who is God?    A. God is the Creator of heaven and earth, and of all things.

Q. 133. What is man?    A. Man is a creature composed of body and soul, and made to the image and likeness of God.

Q. 134. Does "man" in the Catechism mean all human beings?    A. "Man" in the Catechism means all human beings, either men or women, boys, girls, or children.

Q. 135. What is a creature?    A. A creature is anything created, whether it has life or not; body or no body. Every being, person, or thing except God Himself may be called a creature.

Q. 136. Is this likeness in the body or in the soul?    A. This likeness is chiefly in the soul.

Q. 137. How is the soul like to God?   A. The soul is like to God because it is a spirit that will never die, and has understanding and free will.

Q. 138. Is every invisible thing a spirit?    A. Every spirit is invisible -- which means can not be seen; but every invisible thing is not a spirit. The wind is invisible, and it is not a spirit.

Q. 139. Has a spirit any other quality?    A. A spirit is also indivisible; that is, it can not be divided into parts, as we divide material things.

Q. 140. What do the words "will never die" mean?    A. By the words "will never die" we mean that the soul, when once created, will never cease to exist, whatever be its condition in the next world. Hence we say the soul is immortal or gifted with immortality.

Q. 141. Why then do we say a soul is dead while in a state of mortal sin?    A. We say a soul is dead while in a state of mortal sin, because in that state it is as helpless as a dead body, and can merit nothing for itself.

Q. 142. What does our "understanding" mean?    A. Our "understanding" means the "gift of reason," by which man is distinguished from all other animals, and by which he is enabled to think and thus acquire knowledge and regulate his actions.

Q. 143. Can we learn all truths by our reason alone?    A. We can not learn all truths by our reason alone, for some truths are beyond the power of our reason and must be taught to us by God.

Q. 144. What do we call the truths God teaches us?    A. Taken together, we call the truths God teaches us revelation, and we call the manner by which He teaches them also revelation.

Q. 145. What is "Free Will"?    A. "Free Will" is that gift of God by which we are enabled to choose between one thing and another; and to do good or evil in spite of reward or punishment.

Q. 146. Have brute animals "understanding" and "free will"?    A. Brute animals have not "understanding" and "free will." They have not "understanding"   because they never change their habits or better their condition. They have not "free will" because they never show it in their actions.

Q. 147. What gift in animals supplies the place of reason?   A. In animals the gift of "instinct" supplies the place of reason in guiding their actions.

Q. 148. What is instinct?    A. "Instinct" is a gift by which all animals are impelled to follow the laws and habits that God has given to their nature.

Q. 149. Have men as well as brutes "instinct"?    A. Men have "instinct," and they show it when placed in sudden danger, when they have not time  to use their reason. A falling man instantly grasps for something to support him.

Q. 150. Why did God make you?   A. God made me to know Him, to love Him, and to serve Him in this world, and to be happy with Him forever in the next. 

Q. 151. Why is it necessary to know God?    A. It is necessary to know God because without knowing Him we cannot love Him; and without loving Him we cannot be saved. We should know Him because He is infinitely true; love Him because He is infinitely beautiful; and serve Him because He is infinitely good. 

Q. 152. Of which must we take more care, our soul or our body?    A. We must take more care of our soul than of our body.

Q. 153. Why must we take more care of our soul than of our body?   A. We must take more care of our soul than of our body, because in losing our soul we lose God and everlasting happiness.

Q. 154. What must we do to save our souls?    A. To save our souls, we must worship God by faith, hope, and charity; that is, we must believe in Him, hope in Him, and love Him with all our heart.

Q. 155. What does "worship" mean?    A. "Worship" means to give divine honor by acts such as the offering of prayer or sacrifice.

Q. 156. How shall we know the things which we are to believe?    A. We shall know the things which we are to believe from the Catholic Church, through which God speaks to us.

Q. 157. What do we mean by the "Church, through which God speaks to us"?    A. By the "Church, through which God speaks to us," we mean the "teaching Church"; that is,  the Pope, Bishops, and priests, whose duty it is to instruct us in the truths and practices of our religion.

Q. 158. Where shall we find the chief truths which the Church teaches?    A. We shall find the chief truths which the Church teaches in the Apostles' Creed. 

Q. 159. If we shall find only the "chief truths" in the Apostles' Creed, where shall we find the remaining truths?   A. We shall find the remaining truths of our Faith in the religious writings and preachings that  have been sanctioned by the authority of the Church. 

Q. 160. Name some sacred truths not mentioned in the Apostles' Creed.   A. In the Apostles' Creed there is no mention of the Real Presence of Our Lord in the Holy Eucharist, nor of the Infallibility of the Pope, nor of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, nor of some other truths that we are bound to believe.

Q. 161. Say the Apostles' Creed.   A. I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified; died, and was buried. He descended into hell: the third day He arose again from the dead: He ascended into heaven, sits at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty: from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

CATECHISM NO. 3
LESSON 2
GOD AND HIS PERFECTIONS

Q. 162. What is a perfection?    A. A perfection is any good quality a thing should have. A thing is perfect when it has all the good qualities it should have. 

Q. 163. What is God?    A. God is a spirit infinitely perfect.

Q. 164. What do we mean when we say God is "infinitely perfect"?    A. When we say God is "infinitely perfect" we mean there is no limit or bounds to His perfection; for He possesses all good qualities in the highest possible degree and He alone is "infinitely perfect."

Q. 165. Had God a beginning?    A. God had no beginning; He always was and He always will be.

Q. 166. Where is God?    A. God is everywhere.

Q. 167. How is God everywhere?    A. God is everywhere whole and entire as He is in any one place. This is true and we must believe it, though we cannot understand it.

Q. 168. If God is everywhere, why do we not see Him?    A. We do not see God, because He is a pure spirit and cannot be seen with bodily eyes.

Q. 169. Why do we call God a "pure spirit'?    A. We call God a pure spirit because He has no body. Our soul is a spirit, but not a "pure" spirit, because it was created for union with our body.

Q. 170. Why can we not see God with the eyes of our body?   A. We cannot see God with the eyes of our body because they are created to see only material things, and God is not material but spiritual.

Q 171. Does God see us?  A. God sees us and watches over us.

Q. 172. Is it necessary for God to watch over us?    A. It is necessary for God to watch over us, for without His constant care we could not exist.

Q. 173. Does God know all things?    A. God knows all things, even our most secret thoughts, words, and actions.

Q. 174. Can God do all things?    A. God can do all things, and nothing is hard or impossible to Him.

Q. 175. When is a thing said to be "impossible"?    A. A thing is said to be "impossible" when it cannot be done. Many things that are impossible for creatures are possible for God.

Q. 176. Is God Just, Holy, and Merciful?    A. God is all Just, all Holy, all Merciful, as He is infinitely Perfect.

Q. 177. Why must God be "just" as well as "merciful"?    A. God must be just as well as merciful because He must fulfill His promise to punish those who merit punishment, and because He cannot be infinite in one perfection without being infinite in all.

Q. 178. Into what sins will the forgetfulness of God's Justice lead us?    A. The forgetfulness of God's Justice will lead us into sins of presumption.

Q 179. Into what sins will the forgetfulness of God's Mercy lead us?    A. The forgetfulness of God's Mercy will lead us into sins of despair.

CATECHISM NO. 3
LESSON 3
The Unity and Trinity of God

Q. 180. What does "unity," and what does "trinity" mean?    A. "Unity" means being one, and "trinity" means 3-fold or 3 in one.

Q. 181. Can we find an example to fully illustrate the Mystery of the Blessed Trinity?   A. We cannot find an example to fully illustrate the mystery of the Blessed Trinity, because the Mysteries of our holy religion are beyond comparison.

Q. 182. Is there but one God?     A. Yes; there is but one God.

Q. 183. Why can there be but one God?    A. There can be but one God because God, being supreme and infinite, cannot have an equal.

Q. 184. What does "supreme" mean?    A. "Supreme" means the highest in authority; also the most excellent or greatest possible in anything. Thus in all things God is supreme, and in the Church the Pope is supreme.

Q. 185. When are 2 persons said to be equal?    A. 2 persons are said to be equal when one is in no way greater than or inferior to the other.

Q. 186. How many persons are there in God?    A. In God there are 3 Divine persons, really distinct, and equal in all things --the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

Q. 187. What do "Divine" and "distinct" mean?    A. "Divine" means pertaining to God, and "distinct" means separate; that is, not confounded or mixed with any other thing.

Q. 188. Is the Father God?    A. The Father is God and the first Person of the Blessed Trinity.

Q. 189. Is the Son God?    A. The Son is God and the second Person of the Blessed Trinity.

Q. 190. Is the Holy Spirit God?    A. The Holy spirit is God and the third Person of the Blessed Trinity.

Q. 191. Do "first," "second," and "third" with regard to the persons of the Blessed Trinity mean that one person existed before the other or that one is greater than the other?    A. "First," "second," and "third" with regard to the persons of the Blessed Trinity do not mean that one person was before the other or that one is greater than the other; for all the persons of the Trinity are eternal and equal in every respect. These numbers are used to mark the distinction between the persons, and they show the order in which the one proceeded from the other.

Q. 192. What do you mean by the Blessed Trinity?    A. By the Blessed Trinity I mean one God in 3 Divine Persons.

Q. 193. Are the 3 Divine Persons equal in all things?    A. The 3 Divine Persons are equal in all things.

Q. 194. Are the 3 Divine Persons one and the same God?    A. The 3 Divine Persons are one and the same God, having one and the same Divine nature and substance.

Q. 195. What do we mean by the "nature" and "substance" of a thing?    A. By the "nature" of a thing we mean the combination of all the qualities that make the thing what it is. By the "substance" of a thing we mean the part that never changes, and which cannot be changed without destroying the nature of the thing.

Q. 196. Can we fully understand how the 3 Divine Persons are one and the same God?   A. We cannot fully understand how the 3 Divine Persons are one and the same God, because this is a mystery.

Q. 197. What is a mystery?    A. A mystery is a truth which we cannot fully understand.

Q. 198. Is every truth which we cannot understand a mystery?    A. Every truth which we cannot understand is not a mystery; but every revealed truth which no one can understand is a mystery.

Q. 199. Should we believe truths which we cannot understand?    A. We should and often do believe truths which we cannot understand when we have proof of their existence. 

Q. 200. Give an example of truths which all believe, though many do not understand them.    A. All believe that the earth is round and moving, though many do not understand it. All believe that a seed planted in the ground will produce a flower or tree often with more than a thousand other seeds equal to itself, though many cannot understand how this is done.

Q. 201. Why must a divine religion have mysteries?    A. A divine religion must have mysteries because it must have supernatural truths and God Himself must teach them. A religion that has only natural truths, such as man can know by reason alone, fully understand and teach, is only a human religion.

Q. 202. Why does God require us to believe mysteries?    A. God requires us to believe mysteries that we may submit our understanding to Him.

Q. 203. By what form of prayer do we praise the Holy Trinity?   A. We praise the Holy Trinity by a form of prayer called the Doxology, which has come down to us almost from the time of the Apostles.

Q. 204. Say the Doxology.    A. The Doxology is: "Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen."

Q. 205. Is there any other form of the Doxology?    A. There is another form of the Doxology, which is said in the celebration of the Mass. It is called the "Gloria in excelsis" or "Glory be to God on high," etc., the words sung by the Angels at the birth of Our Lord.


CATECHISM NO. 3
LESSON 4
CREATION

Q. 206. What is the difference between making and creating?    A. "Making" means bringing forth or forming out of some material already existing, as workmen  do. "Creating" means bringing forth out of nothing, as God alone can do.

Q. 207. Has everything that exists been created?    A. Everything that exists except God Himself has been created.

Q. 208. Who created heaven and earth, and all things?    A. God created heaven and earth, and all things.

Q. 209. From what do we learn that God created heaven and earth and all things?    A. We learn that God created heaven and earth and all things from the Bible or Holy Scripture, in which the account of the Creation is given.

Q. 210. Why did God create all things?    A. God created all things for His own glory and for their or our good.

Q. 211. Did God leave all things to themselves after He had created them?  A. God did not leave all things to themselves after He had created them; He continues to preserve and govern them.

Q. 212. What do we call the care by which God preserves and governs the world and all it contains?    A. We call the care by which God preserves and governs the world and all it contains His Providence.

Q. 213. How did God create heaven and earth?    A. God created heaven and earth from nothing by His word only; that is, by a single act of His all-powerful will.

Q. 214. Which are the chief creatures of God?    A. The chief creatures of God are angels and men.

Q. 215. How may God's creatures on earth be divided?   A. God's creatures on earth may be divided into 4 classes:  (1) Things that exist, as air;  (2) Things that exist, grow and live, as plants and trees;  (3) Things that exist, grow, live and feel, as animals;  (4) Things that exist, grow, live, feel and understand, as man. 

Q. 216. What are angels?    A. Angels are pure spirits without a body, created to adore and enjoy God in heaven.

Q. 217. If Angels have no bodies, how could they appear?    A. Angels could appear by taking bodies to render themselves visible for a time; just as the Holy Spirit took the form of a dove and the devil took the form of a serpent.

Q. 218. Name some persons to whom Angels appeared.    A. Angels appeared to the Blessed Virgin and St. Joseph; also to Abraham, Lot, Jacob, Tobias and others.

Q. 219. Were the angels created for any other purpose?    A. The angels were also created to assist before the throne of God and to minister unto Him; they have often been sent as messengers from God to man; and are also appointed our guardians.

Q. 220. Are all the Angels equal in dignity?    A. All the Angels are not equal in dignity. There are 9 choirs or classes mentioned in the Holy Scripture. The highest are called Seraphim and the lowest simply Angels. The Archangels are one class higher than ordinary Angels.

Q. 221. Mention some Archangels and tell what they did.    A. The Archangel Michael drove satan out of heaven; the Archangel Gabriel announced to the Blessed Virgin that she was to become the Mother of God. The Archangel Raphael guided and protected Tobias.

Q. 222. Were Angels ever sent to punish men?    A. Angels were sometimes sent to punish men. An Angel killed 185,000 men in the army of a wicked king who had blasphemed God; an Angel also slew the first-born in the families of the Egyptians who had persecuted God's people.

Q. 223. What do our guardian Angels do for us?    A. Our guardian Angels pray for us, protect and guide us, and offer our prayers, good works and desires to God.

Q. 224. How do we know that Angels offer our prayers and good works to God?    A. We know that Angels offer our prayers and good works to God because it is so stated in Holy Scripture, and Holy Scripture is the Word of God.

Q. 225. Why did God appoint guardian Angels if He watches over us Himself?    A. God appointed guardian Angels to secure for us their help and prayers, and also to show His great love for us in giving us these special servants and faithful friends.

Q. 226. Were the angels, as God created them, good and happy?    A. The angels, as God created them, were good and happy.

Q. 227. Did all the angels remain good and happy?    A. All the angels did not remain good and happy; many of them sinned and were cast into hell, and these are called devils or bad angels.

Q. 228. Do we know the number of good and bad Angels?    A. We do not know the number of the good or bad Angels, but we know it is very great.

Q. 229. What was the devil's name before he fell, and why was he cast out of heaven?    A. Before he fell, satan, or the devil, was called Lucifer, or light-bearer, a name which indicates great beauty. He was cast out of heaven because through pride he rebelled against God.

Q. 230. How do the bad angels act toward us?    A. The bad angels try by every means to lead us into sin. The efforts they make are called temptations of the devil.

Q. 231. Why does the devil tempt us?    A. The devil tempts us because he hates goodness, and does not wish us to enjoy the happiness which he himself has lost.

Q. 232. Can we by our own power overcome the temptations of the devil?    A. We cannot by our own power overcome the temptations of the devil, because the devil is wiser than we are; for, being an Angel, he is more intelligent, and he did not lose his intelligence by falling into sin any more than we do now. Therefore, to overcome his temptations we need the help of God.

CATECHISM NO. 3
LESSON 5
OUR FIRST PARENTS AND THE FALL

Q. 233. Who were the first man and woman?    A. The first man and woman were Adam and Eve.

Q. 234. Are there any persons in the world who are not the descendants of Adam and Eve?    A. There are no persons in the world now, and there never have been any, who are not the descendants of Adam and Eve, because the whole human race had but one origin.

Q. 235. Do not the differences in color, figure, etc., which we find in distinct races indicate a difference in first parents?

A. The differences in color, figure, etc., which we find in distinct races do not indicate a difference in first parents, for these differences have been brought about in the lapse of time by other causes, such as climate, habits, etc.

Q. 236. Were Adam and Eve innocent and holy when they came from the Hand of God?    A. Adam and Eve were innocent and holy when they came from the Hand of God.

Q. 237. What do we mean by saying Adam and Eve "were innocent" when they came from the Hand of God?    A. When we say Adam and Eve "were innocent" when they came from the Hand of God we mean they were in the state of original justice; that is, they were gifted with every virtue and free from every sin.

Q. 238. How was Adam's body formed?    A. God formed Adam's body out of the clay of the earth and then breathed into it a living soul.

Q. 239. How was Eve's body formed?    A. Eve's body was formed from a rib taken from Adam's side during a deep sleep which God caused to come upon him.

Q. 240. Why did God make Eve from one of Adam's ribs?   A. God made Eve from one of Adam's ribs to show the close relationship existing between husband and wife in their marriage union which God then instituted.

Q. 241. Could man's body be developed from the body of an inferior animal?    A. Man's body could be developed from the body of an inferior animal if God so willed; but science does not prove that man's body was thus formed, while revelation teaches that it was formed directly by God from the clay of the earth.

   Evolution is being taught in Catholic schools everywhere.  It is about time that we learn
THE SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE AGAINST EVOLUTION
The best place to start is by examining the website of the former evolutionist Dr. Walt Brown: www.CreationScience.com 
You can also google “Creation Science” and explore what You Tube has on the subject.
 BUT WHAT ABOUT THE DINOSAURS?  YOUTUBE OR GOOGLE
“DINOSAUR PRINTS AND HUMAN FOOTPRINTS TOGETHER”
AND read the descriptions of 2 dinosaurs in your BIBLE,  JOB 40 & 41.
(When living in Texas, I personally saw human foot prints and dinosaur tracks in the same rock bed in the Paluxy River area. Some scientists from the University of Texas saw the prints, but they were so stuck in their phony religion of evolution that they determined that that was proof that millions of years before people evolved, space aliens visited earth and since they were on vacation, they took their shoes off.   
SEE A VIDEO OF A DINO TRACK AND A HUMAN FOOT PRINT TOGETHER RIGHT NOW ON YOU TUBE:
http://youtu.be/Bj7OR3vnOfo     
YOU MAY HAVE TO COPY AND PASTE  

WHY DOES EVOLUTIONARY THEORY HAVE SUCH A STRONG ATTRACTION TO SO MANY PEOPLE TODAY?  THE ANSWER IS TO BE FOUND IN MAN'S OPEN REBELLION AGAINST GOD AND HIS MORAL LAW. 

Q. 242. Could man's soul and intelligence be formed by the development of animal life and instinct?    A. Man's soul could not be formed by the development of animal instinct; for, being entirely spiritual, it must be created by God, and it is united to the body as soon as the body is prepared to receive it.

Q. 243. Did God give any command to Adam and Eve?    A. To try their obedience, God commanded Adam and Eve not to eat of a certain fruit which grew in the garden of Paradise.

Q. 244. What was the Garden of Paradise?                A. The Garden of Paradise was a large and beautiful place prepared for man's habitation upon earth. It was supplied with every species of plant and animal and with everything that could contribute to man's happiness.

Q. 245. Where was the Garden of Paradise situated?             A. The exact place in which the Garden of Paradise -- called also the Garden of Eden -- was situated is not known, for the Deluge may have so changed the surface of the earth that old landmarks were wiped out. It was probably some place in Asia, not far from the river Euphrates.

Q. 246. What was the tree bearing the forbidden fruit called?  A. The tree bearing the forbidden fruit was called "the tree of knowledge of good and evil."

Q. 247. Do we know the name of any other tree in the garden?   A. We know the name of another tree in the Garden called the "tree of life." Its fruit kept the bodies of our first parents in a state of perfect health.

Q. 248. Which were the chief blessings intended for Adam and Eve had they remained faithful to God?                A. The chief blessings intended for Adam and Eve, had they remained faithful to God, were a constant state of happiness in this life and everlasting glory in the next.

Q. 249. Did Adam and Eve remain faithful to God?               A. Adam and Eve did not remain faithful to God, but broke His command by eating the forbidden fruit.

Q. 250. Who was the first to disobey God?               A. Eve was the first to disobey God, and she induced Adam to do likewise.

Q. 251. How was Eve tempted to sin?         A. Eve was tempted to sin by the devil, who came in the form of a serpent and persuaded her to break God's command.

Q. 252. Which were the chief causes that led Eve into sin? A. The chief causes that led Eve into sin were:  (1) She went into the danger of sinning by admiring what was forbidden, instead of avoiding it.  (2) She did not flee from the temptation at once, but debated about yielding to it. Similar conduct on our part will lead us also into sin.

Q. 253. What befell Adam and Eve on account of their sin?                A. Adam and Eve, on account of their sin, lost innocence and holiness, and were doomed to sickness and death. 

Q. 254. What other evils befell Adam and Eve on account of their sin?           A. Many other evils befell Adam and Eve on account of their sin. They were driven out of Paradise and condemned to toil. God also ordained that henceforth the earth should yield no crops without cultivation, and that the beasts, man's former friends, should become his savage enemies.

Q. 255. Were we to remain in the Garden of Paradise forever if Adam had not sinned?   A. We were not to remain in the Garden of Paradise forever even if Adam had not sinned, but after passing through the years of our probation or trial upon earth we were to be taken, body and soul, into heaven without suffering death.

Q. 256. What evil befell us on account of the disobedience of our first parents?    A. On account of the disobedience of our first parents, we all share in their sin and punishment, as we should have shared in their happiness if they had remained faithful.

Q. 257. Is it not unjust to punish us for the sin of our first parents?   A. It is not unjust to punish us for the sin of our first parents, because their punishment consisted in being deprived of a free gift of God; that is, of the gift of original justice to which they had no strict right and which they willfully forfeited by their act of disobedience.

Q. 258. But how did the loss of the gift of original justice leave our first parents and us in mortal sin?   A. The loss of the gift of original justice left our first parents and us in mortal sin because it deprived them of the Grace of God, and to be without this gift of Grace which they should have had was to be in mortal sin. As all their children are deprived of the same gift, they, too, come into the world in a state of mortal sin.

Q. 259. What other effects followed from the sin of our first parents?    A. Our nature was corrupted by the sin of our first parents, which darkened our understanding, weakened our will, and left in us a strong inclination to evil.

Q. 260. What do we mean by "our nature was corrupted"?   A. When we say "our nature was corrupted" we mean that our whole being, body and soul, was injured in all its parts and powers.

Q. 261. Why do we say our understanding was darkened?   A. We say our understanding was darkened because even with much learning we have not the clear knowledge, quick perception and retentive memory that Adam had before his fall from grace.

Q. 262. Why do we say our will was weakened?    A. We say our will was weakened to show that our free will was not entirely taken away by Adam's sin, and that we have it still in our power to use our free will in doing good or evil.

Q. 263. In what does the strong inclination to evil that is left in us consist?   A. This strong inclination to evil that is left in us consists in the continual efforts our senses and appetites make to lead our souls into sin. The body is inclined to rebel against the soul, and the soul itself to rebel against God.

Q. 264. What is this strong inclination to evil called, and why did God permit it to remain in us?    A. This strong inclination to evil is called concupiscence, and God permits it to remain in us that by His grace we may resist it and thus increase our merits.

Q. 265. What is the sin called which we inherit from our first parents?    A. The sin which we inherit from our first parents is called original sin.

Q. 266. Why is this sin called original?   A. This sin is called original because it comes down to us from our first parents, and we are brought into the world with its guilt on our soul.

Q. 267. Does this corruption of our nature remain in us after original sin is forgiven?  A. This corruption of our nature and other punishments remain in us after original sin is forgiven.

Q. 268. Was any one ever preserved from original sin?   A. The Blessed Virgin Mary, through the merits of Her Divine Son, was preserved free from the guilt of original sin, and this privilege is called Her Immaculate Conception.

Q. 269. Why was the Blessed Virgin preserved from original sin?   A. The Blessed Virgin was preserved from original sin because it would not be consistent with the dignity of the Son of God to have His Mother, even for an instant, in the power of the devil and an enemy of God.

Q. 270. How could the Blessed Virgin be preserved from sin by Her Divine Son, before Her Son was born?   A. The Blessed Virgin could be preserved from sin by Her Divine Son before He was born as man, for He always existed as God and foresaw His own future merits and the dignity of His Mother. He therefore by His future merits provided for Her privilege of exemption from original sin.

Q. 271. What does the "Immaculate Conception" mean?   A. The Immaculate Conception means the Blessed Virgin's own exclusive privilege of coming into existence, through the merits of Jesus Christ, without the stain of original sin. It does not mean, therefore, Her sinless life, perpetual virginity or the miraculous conception of Our Divine Lord by the power of the Holy Spirit.

Q. 272. What has always been the belief of the Church concerning this truth?  A. The Church has always believed in the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin and to place this truth beyond doubt has declared it an Article of Faith.

Q. 273